Properties and potential applications of natural cellulose fibers from the bark of cotton stalks

Narendra Reddy, Yiqi Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

116 Scopus citations

Abstract

Natural cellulose fibers have been obtained from the bark of cotton stalks and the fibers have been used to develop composites. Cotton stalks are rich in cellulose and account for up to 3 times the quantity of cotton fiber produced per acre. Currently, cotton stalks have limited use and are mostly burned on the ground. Natural cellulose fibers obtained from cotton stalks are composed of approximately 79% cellulose and 13.7% lignin. The fibers have breaking tenacity of 2.9 g per denier and breaking elongation of 3% and modulus of 144 g per denier, between that of cotton and linen. Polypropylene composites reinforced with cotton stalk fibers have flexural, tensile and impact resistance properties similar to jute fiber reinforced polypropylene composites. Utilizing cotton stalks as a source for natural cellulose fibers provides an opportunity to increase the income from cotton crops and make cotton crops more competitive to the biofuel crops.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3563-3569
Number of pages7
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume100
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2009

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Keywords

  • Biofibers
  • Biomass
  • Cellulose
  • Composites
  • Cotton stalks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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