Progressing from initially ambiguous functional analyses: Three case examples

Jeffrey H. Tiger, Wayne W Fisher, Karen A. Toussaint, Tiffany Kodak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most often functional analyses are initiated using a standard set of test conditions, similar to those described by Iwata, Dorsey, Slifer, Bauman, and Richman [Iwata, B. A., Dorsey, M. F., Slifer, K. J., Bauman, K. E., & Richman, G. S. (1994). Toward a functional analysis of self-injury. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 27, 197-209 (Reprinted from Analysis and Intervention in Developmental Disabilities, 2, 3-20, 1982)]. These test conditions involve the careful manipulation of motivating operations, discriminative stimuli, and reinforcement contingencies to determine the events related to the occurrence and maintenance of problem behavior. Some individuals display problem behavior that is occasioned and reinforced by idiosyncratic or otherwise unique combinations of environmental antecedents and consequences of behavior, which are unlikely to be detected using these standard assessment conditions. For these individuals, modifications to the standard test conditions or the inclusion of novel test conditions may result in clearer assessment outcomes. The current study provides three case examples of individuals whose functional analyses were initially undifferentiated; however, modifications to the standard conditions resulted in the identification of behavioral functions and the implementation of effective function-based treatments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)910-926
Number of pages17
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009

Fingerprint

Developmental Disabilities
Maintenance
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Wounds and Injuries
Problem Behavior
Applied Behavior Analysis
Reinforcement (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Autism
  • Functional analysis
  • Methodology
  • Motivating operations
  • Negative reinforcement
  • Peer attention
  • Siblings
  • Social escape

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Progressing from initially ambiguous functional analyses : Three case examples. / Tiger, Jeffrey H.; Fisher, Wayne W; Toussaint, Karen A.; Kodak, Tiffany.

In: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Vol. 30, No. 5, 01.09.2009, p. 910-926.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tiger, Jeffrey H. ; Fisher, Wayne W ; Toussaint, Karen A. ; Kodak, Tiffany. / Progressing from initially ambiguous functional analyses : Three case examples. In: Research in Developmental Disabilities. 2009 ; Vol. 30, No. 5. pp. 910-926.
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