Probation recommendations and sentences received: The association between the two and the factors that affect recommendations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


Although an association has been established between sentencing recommendations made by probation officers and the actual sentences received by offenders, to date, few scholars have examined the role of offender and officer characteristics in these recommendations. This article uses quantitative data from one small California jurisdiction between 2004 and 2006 to explore the role of legal and extralegal factors in sentencing recommendations. The minimal impact of extralegal factors is discussed and conclusions are made about why this may be the case. Ultimately, this research is intended to shed further light on the sentencing process and the previously documented sentencing disparities that exist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)494-517
Number of pages24
JournalCriminal Justice Policy Review
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011



  • courts
  • probation
  • sentencing
  • sentencing disparity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law

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