Primary-Group Support Systems of the Aged

George R. Peters, Danny R. Hoyt, Nicholas Babchuk, Marvin Kaiser, Yuko Iijima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article examines whether the instrumental and affectual support provided the elderly differs among informal social support groups. Cantor's hierarchical-compensatory model postulates an order of preference in the choice of support group regardless of the type of aid sought. Litwak's task-specific model predicts that older people turn to different support groups depending on the type of assistance needed. Our test of these two models indicates that certain network members are more likely to be selected regardless of whether the assistance needed is instrumental or affective. The elderly turn primarily to the spouse followed by adult children, friends, siblings, and “other relatives” in that order. When lacking one of these categories of intimates, no compensatory principle operates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)392-416
Number of pages25
JournalResearch on Aging
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1987

Fingerprint

primary group
Self-Help Groups
assistance
Group
Spouses
Social Support
spouse
social support
Siblings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Peters, G. R., Hoyt, D. R., Babchuk, N., Kaiser, M., & Iijima, Y. (1987). Primary-Group Support Systems of the Aged. Research on Aging, 9(3), 392-416. https://doi.org/10.1177/0164027587093004

Primary-Group Support Systems of the Aged. / Peters, George R.; Hoyt, Danny R.; Babchuk, Nicholas; Kaiser, Marvin; Iijima, Yuko.

In: Research on Aging, Vol. 9, No. 3, 09.1987, p. 392-416.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Peters, GR, Hoyt, DR, Babchuk, N, Kaiser, M & Iijima, Y 1987, 'Primary-Group Support Systems of the Aged', Research on Aging, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 392-416. https://doi.org/10.1177/0164027587093004
Peters, George R. ; Hoyt, Danny R. ; Babchuk, Nicholas ; Kaiser, Marvin ; Iijima, Yuko. / Primary-Group Support Systems of the Aged. In: Research on Aging. 1987 ; Vol. 9, No. 3. pp. 392-416.
@article{baf30241d3d44a72babdbc7166ef8587,
title = "Primary-Group Support Systems of the Aged",
abstract = "This article examines whether the instrumental and affectual support provided the elderly differs among informal social support groups. Cantor's hierarchical-compensatory model postulates an order of preference in the choice of support group regardless of the type of aid sought. Litwak's task-specific model predicts that older people turn to different support groups depending on the type of assistance needed. Our test of these two models indicates that certain network members are more likely to be selected regardless of whether the assistance needed is instrumental or affective. The elderly turn primarily to the spouse followed by adult children, friends, siblings, and “other relatives” in that order. When lacking one of these categories of intimates, no compensatory principle operates.",
author = "Peters, {George R.} and Hoyt, {Danny R.} and Nicholas Babchuk and Marvin Kaiser and Yuko Iijima",
year = "1987",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1177/0164027587093004",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
pages = "392--416",
journal = "Research on Aging",
issn = "0164-0275",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Primary-Group Support Systems of the Aged

AU - Peters, George R.

AU - Hoyt, Danny R.

AU - Babchuk, Nicholas

AU - Kaiser, Marvin

AU - Iijima, Yuko

PY - 1987/9

Y1 - 1987/9

N2 - This article examines whether the instrumental and affectual support provided the elderly differs among informal social support groups. Cantor's hierarchical-compensatory model postulates an order of preference in the choice of support group regardless of the type of aid sought. Litwak's task-specific model predicts that older people turn to different support groups depending on the type of assistance needed. Our test of these two models indicates that certain network members are more likely to be selected regardless of whether the assistance needed is instrumental or affective. The elderly turn primarily to the spouse followed by adult children, friends, siblings, and “other relatives” in that order. When lacking one of these categories of intimates, no compensatory principle operates.

AB - This article examines whether the instrumental and affectual support provided the elderly differs among informal social support groups. Cantor's hierarchical-compensatory model postulates an order of preference in the choice of support group regardless of the type of aid sought. Litwak's task-specific model predicts that older people turn to different support groups depending on the type of assistance needed. Our test of these two models indicates that certain network members are more likely to be selected regardless of whether the assistance needed is instrumental or affective. The elderly turn primarily to the spouse followed by adult children, friends, siblings, and “other relatives” in that order. When lacking one of these categories of intimates, no compensatory principle operates.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0023406043&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0023406043&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0164027587093004

DO - 10.1177/0164027587093004

M3 - Article

C2 - 3685623

AN - SCOPUS:0023406043

VL - 9

SP - 392

EP - 416

JO - Research on Aging

JF - Research on Aging

SN - 0164-0275

IS - 3

ER -