Preneoplastic transformation of human mammary epithelial cells

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Abstract

Recent in-vitro models of mammary epithelial cell (MEC) immortalization have provided a practical approach to begin to dissect the molecular mechanisms of breast tumorigenesis. Introduction of a single oncogene, the human papilloma virus (HPV)-16 E6, induces efficient and reproducible preneoplastic transformation of normal MECs, by inducing degradation of the tumor suppressor protein p53. The role of p53 has also been demonstrated by analyses of a model of γ-radiation-induced MEC transformation. Recently, efficient retroviral gene transfer has allowed identification of multiple mammary epithelial cell types that show distinct susceptibilities to HPV E6 and E7 oncogenes, indicating a cell type specific predominance of the tumor suppressor proteins p53 and Rb which are targeted by E6 and E7, respectively. Further analyses of these models are likely to elucidate the biochemical mechanisms of early mammary tumorigenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-192
Number of pages8
JournalSeminars in Cancer Biology
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1995

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Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Human papilloma virus
  • Immortalization
  • Retinoblastoma protein
  • p53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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