Predictors of driving outcomes in advancing age

Jamie L. Emerson, Amy M. Johnson, Jeffrey D. Dawson, Ergun Y. Uc, Steven W. Anderson, Matthew Rizzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to develop predictive models for real-life driving outcomes in older drivers. Demographics, driving history, on-road driving errors, and performance on visual, motor, and neuropsychological test scores at baseline were assessed in 100 older drivers (ages 65-89 years [72.7]). These variables were used to predict time to driving cessation, first moving violation, or crash. Using Cox proportional hazards regression models, significant individual predictors for driving cessation were greater age and poorer scores on Near Visual Acuity, Contrast Sensitivity, Useful Field of View, Judgment of Line Orientation, Trail Making Test-Part A, Benton Visual Retention Test, Grooved Pegboard, and a composite index of overall cognitive ability. Greater weekly mileage, higher education, and "serious" on-road errors predicted moving violations. Poorer scores from Trail Making Test-Part B or Trail Making Test (B-A) and serious on-road errors predicted crashes. Multivariate models using "off-road" predictors revealed (a) age and Contrast Sensitivity as best predictors for driving cessation; (b) education, weekly mileage, and Auditory Verbal Learning Task-Recall for moving violations; and

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)550-559
Number of pages10
JournalPsychology and aging
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

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Trail Making Test
Contrast Sensitivity
Education
Verbal Learning
Aptitude
Neuropsychological Tests
Proportional Hazards Models
Visual Acuity
History
Demography

Keywords

  • Driving cessation
  • Instrumented vehicle
  • Neuropsychological tests
  • Safety errors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Emerson, J. L., Johnson, A. M., Dawson, J. D., Uc, E. Y., Anderson, S. W., & Rizzo, M. (2012). Predictors of driving outcomes in advancing age. Psychology and aging, 27(3), 550-559. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026359

Predictors of driving outcomes in advancing age. / Emerson, Jamie L.; Johnson, Amy M.; Dawson, Jeffrey D.; Uc, Ergun Y.; Anderson, Steven W.; Rizzo, Matthew.

In: Psychology and aging, Vol. 27, No. 3, 01.12.2012, p. 550-559.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Emerson, JL, Johnson, AM, Dawson, JD, Uc, EY, Anderson, SW & Rizzo, M 2012, 'Predictors of driving outcomes in advancing age', Psychology and aging, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 550-559. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026359
Emerson JL, Johnson AM, Dawson JD, Uc EY, Anderson SW, Rizzo M. Predictors of driving outcomes in advancing age. Psychology and aging. 2012 Dec 1;27(3):550-559. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026359
Emerson, Jamie L. ; Johnson, Amy M. ; Dawson, Jeffrey D. ; Uc, Ergun Y. ; Anderson, Steven W. ; Rizzo, Matthew. / Predictors of driving outcomes in advancing age. In: Psychology and aging. 2012 ; Vol. 27, No. 3. pp. 550-559.
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