Predictors and behavioural outcomes of parental involvement among low-income families in elementary schools, United States

Sukran Ucus, Aileen Garcia, Jan Esteraich, Helen Raikes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Parental involvement (PI) in their children’s schools has been shown to have a positive influence on the children’s behaviours and academic achievement. The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of PI and relations of PI in schools to child externalizing and internalizing behaviours. Data were from the fifth-grade wave of the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project, with 1354 fifth grade low-income children and parents. Results revealed that family conflict predicted child internalizing and externalizing and negatively predicted PI in schools. However, PI in schools partially reduced the negative effect of family conflict on both internalizing and externalizing. Parental warmth negatively predicted child externalizing behaviours, and positively predicted PI in school. Additionally, PI in schools further enhanced the positive effect of parental warmth in reducing externalizing behaviours. The study highlights home and parent characteristics that relate to low-income fifth-grade parents’ involvement in their child’s education and demonstrates the mediating role of PI in reducing behavioural problems of low-income children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1425-1443
Number of pages19
JournalEarly Child Development and Care
Volume189
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 29 2019

Fingerprint

Family Conflict
Parents
Child Behavior
Education
Problem Behavior

Keywords

  • Parental involvement
  • children’s behaviours
  • elementary education
  • low-income families

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Pediatrics

Cite this

Predictors and behavioural outcomes of parental involvement among low-income families in elementary schools, United States. / Ucus, Sukran; Garcia, Aileen; Esteraich, Jan; Raikes, Helen.

In: Early Child Development and Care, Vol. 189, No. 9, 29.07.2019, p. 1425-1443.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1642297adbaa4dc4a05fbc13e59ce668,
title = "Predictors and behavioural outcomes of parental involvement among low-income families in elementary schools, United States",
abstract = "Parental involvement (PI) in their children’s schools has been shown to have a positive influence on the children’s behaviours and academic achievement. The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of PI and relations of PI in schools to child externalizing and internalizing behaviours. Data were from the fifth-grade wave of the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project, with 1354 fifth grade low-income children and parents. Results revealed that family conflict predicted child internalizing and externalizing and negatively predicted PI in schools. However, PI in schools partially reduced the negative effect of family conflict on both internalizing and externalizing. Parental warmth negatively predicted child externalizing behaviours, and positively predicted PI in school. Additionally, PI in schools further enhanced the positive effect of parental warmth in reducing externalizing behaviours. The study highlights home and parent characteristics that relate to low-income fifth-grade parents’ involvement in their child’s education and demonstrates the mediating role of PI in reducing behavioural problems of low-income children.",
keywords = "Parental involvement, children’s behaviours, elementary education, low-income families",
author = "Sukran Ucus and Aileen Garcia and Jan Esteraich and Helen Raikes",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "29",
doi = "10.1080/03004430.2017.1385609",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "189",
pages = "1425--1443",
journal = "Early Child Development and Care",
issn = "0300-4430",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predictors and behavioural outcomes of parental involvement among low-income families in elementary schools, United States

AU - Ucus, Sukran

AU - Garcia, Aileen

AU - Esteraich, Jan

AU - Raikes, Helen

PY - 2019/7/29

Y1 - 2019/7/29

N2 - Parental involvement (PI) in their children’s schools has been shown to have a positive influence on the children’s behaviours and academic achievement. The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of PI and relations of PI in schools to child externalizing and internalizing behaviours. Data were from the fifth-grade wave of the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project, with 1354 fifth grade low-income children and parents. Results revealed that family conflict predicted child internalizing and externalizing and negatively predicted PI in schools. However, PI in schools partially reduced the negative effect of family conflict on both internalizing and externalizing. Parental warmth negatively predicted child externalizing behaviours, and positively predicted PI in school. Additionally, PI in schools further enhanced the positive effect of parental warmth in reducing externalizing behaviours. The study highlights home and parent characteristics that relate to low-income fifth-grade parents’ involvement in their child’s education and demonstrates the mediating role of PI in reducing behavioural problems of low-income children.

AB - Parental involvement (PI) in their children’s schools has been shown to have a positive influence on the children’s behaviours and academic achievement. The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of PI and relations of PI in schools to child externalizing and internalizing behaviours. Data were from the fifth-grade wave of the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project, with 1354 fifth grade low-income children and parents. Results revealed that family conflict predicted child internalizing and externalizing and negatively predicted PI in schools. However, PI in schools partially reduced the negative effect of family conflict on both internalizing and externalizing. Parental warmth negatively predicted child externalizing behaviours, and positively predicted PI in school. Additionally, PI in schools further enhanced the positive effect of parental warmth in reducing externalizing behaviours. The study highlights home and parent characteristics that relate to low-income fifth-grade parents’ involvement in their child’s education and demonstrates the mediating role of PI in reducing behavioural problems of low-income children.

KW - Parental involvement

KW - children’s behaviours

KW - elementary education

KW - low-income families

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85032672538&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85032672538&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/03004430.2017.1385609

DO - 10.1080/03004430.2017.1385609

M3 - Article

VL - 189

SP - 1425

EP - 1443

JO - Early Child Development and Care

JF - Early Child Development and Care

SN - 0300-4430

IS - 9

ER -