Prediction of the intelligence test scores of 3- to 8-year-old children by home environment, socioeconomic status, and biomedical risks

Victoria J. Molfese, Lisabeth F. DiLalla, Debra Bunce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations


The purpose of the study was to examine the relative contributions of biomedical risk conditions, SES, and HOME scores to the prediction of intelligence and to examine the association between extreme scores on HOME and SES and intelligence test performance. The sample consisted of 128 children participating in a longitudinal study. The study showed that home environment was the single most important predictor of intelligence at all ages (3 through 8 years). SES showed a smaller, but still significant, effect beginning at age 5 years. Birth risk factors were not significant predictors of intelligence at any age once the effects of home environment and SES were accounted for. Implications for intervention are described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-234
Number of pages16
JournalMerrill-Palmer Quarterly
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 1997


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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