Predicting outcome of care in the neonatal intensive care unit.

D. Zink, Lynne D Willett, M. P. Leuschen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The accuracy of a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) staff in predicting the outcome and length of stay of infants admitted to the NICU, and the factors they felt were important in making these predictions, were evaluated. This prospective study used a questionnaire to survey 44 nurses, residents, and attending neonatologists working in the NICU about the predicted outcomes of 52 infants admitted to the NICU at the University of Nebraska Medical Center over a 1-month period. Factors previously identified by the staff as important indicators of infant outcome were assigned points of importance by the respondents, and specific values for these factors were recorded for each infant. The NICU staff indicated that gestational age was the most important indicator of infant outcome. The attending neonatologists placed more value on gestational age (analysis of variance [ANOVA] P less than .0001) than did the nurses or residents. Among the staff groups, there were significant differences in the weight or points assigned to a given factor for pulmonary function, renal function, number of resuscitations, and the "other" category (ANOVA P less than .05). The nurses ranked pulmonary function criteria lower than the residents did (P less than .04), but considered renal function more important than either the residents (P = .005) or the attending neonatologists considered it to be (P = .01). The number of resuscitations was ranked higher by the nursing staff than by other groups, whereas the attending neonatologists assigned less importance to the "other" category.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-156
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association
Volume11
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 1991

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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