Predicting future smoking of adolescent experimental smokers

Ruth Wenzl Gerber, Ian M Newman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This prospective study examined the usefulness of seven selected variables from Jessor and Jessor's problem behavior theory in predicting the future smoking levels of adolescent experimental smokers. Experimental smokers were identified through a survey of 2,550 seventh- and eighth-grade students assessing subjects' current smoking levels as well as subjects' responses to the selected variables. Twelve months later the entire sample was resurveyed to assess subsequent smoking levels of subjects initially reporting experimental smoking. Experimental smokers who responded to both surveys (n=225) were subjects of the present study. The full model discriminant function was significant in discriminating between the two groups; 68% of the subjects were correctly classified. This moderately successful hit rate was 24% better than what could be expected by chance. Increased smokers had lower expectations for academic achievement, had stronger beliefs about the positive functions of smoking, and perceived more smoking among their classmates and close friends. Educational interventions are suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-201
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1989

Fingerprint

smoking
Smoking
adolescent
behavior theory
academic achievement
Prospective Studies
Students
Group
student
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Predicting future smoking of adolescent experimental smokers. / Gerber, Ruth Wenzl; Newman, Ian M.

In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol. 18, No. 2, 01.04.1989, p. 191-201.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gerber, Ruth Wenzl ; Newman, Ian M. / Predicting future smoking of adolescent experimental smokers. In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 1989 ; Vol. 18, No. 2. pp. 191-201.
@article{d3fb48e6e0c04e7dbf50374086c7cf4a,
title = "Predicting future smoking of adolescent experimental smokers",
abstract = "This prospective study examined the usefulness of seven selected variables from Jessor and Jessor's problem behavior theory in predicting the future smoking levels of adolescent experimental smokers. Experimental smokers were identified through a survey of 2,550 seventh- and eighth-grade students assessing subjects' current smoking levels as well as subjects' responses to the selected variables. Twelve months later the entire sample was resurveyed to assess subsequent smoking levels of subjects initially reporting experimental smoking. Experimental smokers who responded to both surveys (n=225) were subjects of the present study. The full model discriminant function was significant in discriminating between the two groups; 68{\%} of the subjects were correctly classified. This moderately successful hit rate was 24{\%} better than what could be expected by chance. Increased smokers had lower expectations for academic achievement, had stronger beliefs about the positive functions of smoking, and perceived more smoking among their classmates and close friends. Educational interventions are suggested.",
author = "Gerber, {Ruth Wenzl} and Newman, {Ian M}",
year = "1989",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/BF02138800",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "191--201",
journal = "Journal of Youth and Adolescence",
issn = "0047-2891",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predicting future smoking of adolescent experimental smokers

AU - Gerber, Ruth Wenzl

AU - Newman, Ian M

PY - 1989/4/1

Y1 - 1989/4/1

N2 - This prospective study examined the usefulness of seven selected variables from Jessor and Jessor's problem behavior theory in predicting the future smoking levels of adolescent experimental smokers. Experimental smokers were identified through a survey of 2,550 seventh- and eighth-grade students assessing subjects' current smoking levels as well as subjects' responses to the selected variables. Twelve months later the entire sample was resurveyed to assess subsequent smoking levels of subjects initially reporting experimental smoking. Experimental smokers who responded to both surveys (n=225) were subjects of the present study. The full model discriminant function was significant in discriminating between the two groups; 68% of the subjects were correctly classified. This moderately successful hit rate was 24% better than what could be expected by chance. Increased smokers had lower expectations for academic achievement, had stronger beliefs about the positive functions of smoking, and perceived more smoking among their classmates and close friends. Educational interventions are suggested.

AB - This prospective study examined the usefulness of seven selected variables from Jessor and Jessor's problem behavior theory in predicting the future smoking levels of adolescent experimental smokers. Experimental smokers were identified through a survey of 2,550 seventh- and eighth-grade students assessing subjects' current smoking levels as well as subjects' responses to the selected variables. Twelve months later the entire sample was resurveyed to assess subsequent smoking levels of subjects initially reporting experimental smoking. Experimental smokers who responded to both surveys (n=225) were subjects of the present study. The full model discriminant function was significant in discriminating between the two groups; 68% of the subjects were correctly classified. This moderately successful hit rate was 24% better than what could be expected by chance. Increased smokers had lower expectations for academic achievement, had stronger beliefs about the positive functions of smoking, and perceived more smoking among their classmates and close friends. Educational interventions are suggested.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0001252751&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0001252751&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF02138800

DO - 10.1007/BF02138800

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 191

EP - 201

JO - Journal of Youth and Adolescence

JF - Journal of Youth and Adolescence

SN - 0047-2891

IS - 2

ER -