Pre and post treatment with curcumin and resveratrol protects astrocytes after oxidative stress

Amita Daverey, Sandeep K. Agrawal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The two most studied polyphenolic compounds, curcumin (Cur) and resveratrol (Res), have been reported to protect oxidative damage of astrocytes. The present study is designed to examine the comparative anti-oxidative effect of Cur and Res on astrocytes by studying their potential to protect H 2 O 2 induced oxidative stress at 4 h and 24 h time exposure. The effect of Cur and Res on cell viability, ROS production, inflammation and astrogliosis was compared. The effect of these two on Nrf2 expression and its translocation to nuclear compartment was investigated. The results showed that both Cur and Res significantly increase astrocytes survival after oxidative stress at both time points, however, Res demonstrated better effect on cell viability than the Cur. Res, showing significant inhibition of ROS production at both time points. Cur displayed significant inhibition of ROS production at 4 h, suggesting that Cur is more active on ROS inhibition in the earlier phase of insult. Comparing the expression of NF-κB, Cur showed better anti-inflammatory action on NF-κB while Res did not have any effect of NF-κB expression at 4 h. Interestingly, Cur showed an upregulation of nuclear Nrf2 expression at 24 h whereas Res displayed no effect after 24 h incubation. Both Cur and Res inhibited the H 2 O 2 induced translocation of Nrf2 into nucleus. In conclusion, based on our observation, we found that Cur and Res both protected astrocytes from oxidative stress. In addition, we observed that Cur is most effective in early hours of insult while Res is effective in late hours suggesting that Res may or may not have immediate effect on astrocytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-55
Number of pages11
JournalBrain Research
Volume1692
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Astrocytes
  • Curcumin
  • Oxidative stress
  • Polyphenolic compounds
  • Resveratrol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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