Post-partum variation in the expression of paternal care is unrelated to urinary steroid metabolites in marmoset fathers

Jon Cavanaugh, Jeffrey A. French

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The organization and activation of maternal care are known to be highly regulated by hormones and there is growing evidence that expression of paternal care is also related to endocrine substrates. We examined the relationship between paternal behavior and steroid hormones in marmoset fathers (Callithrix geoffroyi) and evaluated whether hormone-paternal behavior relationships were altered by previous offspring-care experience in males. Based on previous findings, we predicted that testosterone, estradiol, and cortisol would decrease following the birth of offspring and would be lowest during the period of maximal infant carrying. Furthermore, we predicted that post-partum changes in carrying effort and hormone levels would be influenced by the level of offspring-care experience. Carrying effort and other paternal care behaviors underwent temporal changes over the post-partum period, but these patterns were not related to variation in hormone concentrations over the same period. There was a limited effect of offspring-care experience on hormone concentrations, but experience was found to play a role in the expression of paternal care, with experienced fathers engaging in significantly more infant allogrooming than inexperienced fathers. Furthermore, inexperienced fathers increased the frequency of food sharing in response to infant begging across the post-partum period, while experienced fathers displayed consistently low levels. We posit that a combination of experiential factors and an increased role for alloparents in offspring-care led to these changes. However, it appears that hormonal changes may not influence paternal responsiveness in white-faced marmoset fathers and that hormone-paternal behavior relationships are not critically dependent on a male's previous offspring-care experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-558
Number of pages8
JournalHormones and Behavior
Volume63
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2013

Fingerprint

Callithrix
Fathers
Paternal Behavior
Steroids
Hormones
Hydrocortisone
Testosterone
Estradiol
Mothers
Parturition
Organizations
Food

Keywords

  • Cortisol
  • Estradiol
  • Offspring-care experience
  • Paternal care
  • Testosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Post-partum variation in the expression of paternal care is unrelated to urinary steroid metabolites in marmoset fathers. / Cavanaugh, Jon; French, Jeffrey A.

In: Hormones and Behavior, Vol. 63, No. 4, 01.04.2013, p. 551-558.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3b04ab03766d41ac89c91d90c23da014,
title = "Post-partum variation in the expression of paternal care is unrelated to urinary steroid metabolites in marmoset fathers",
abstract = "The organization and activation of maternal care are known to be highly regulated by hormones and there is growing evidence that expression of paternal care is also related to endocrine substrates. We examined the relationship between paternal behavior and steroid hormones in marmoset fathers (Callithrix geoffroyi) and evaluated whether hormone-paternal behavior relationships were altered by previous offspring-care experience in males. Based on previous findings, we predicted that testosterone, estradiol, and cortisol would decrease following the birth of offspring and would be lowest during the period of maximal infant carrying. Furthermore, we predicted that post-partum changes in carrying effort and hormone levels would be influenced by the level of offspring-care experience. Carrying effort and other paternal care behaviors underwent temporal changes over the post-partum period, but these patterns were not related to variation in hormone concentrations over the same period. There was a limited effect of offspring-care experience on hormone concentrations, but experience was found to play a role in the expression of paternal care, with experienced fathers engaging in significantly more infant allogrooming than inexperienced fathers. Furthermore, inexperienced fathers increased the frequency of food sharing in response to infant begging across the post-partum period, while experienced fathers displayed consistently low levels. We posit that a combination of experiential factors and an increased role for alloparents in offspring-care led to these changes. However, it appears that hormonal changes may not influence paternal responsiveness in white-faced marmoset fathers and that hormone-paternal behavior relationships are not critically dependent on a male's previous offspring-care experience.",
keywords = "Cortisol, Estradiol, Offspring-care experience, Paternal care, Testosterone",
author = "Jon Cavanaugh and French, {Jeffrey A.}",
year = "2013",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.yhbeh.2013.02.006",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "63",
pages = "551--558",
journal = "Hormones and Behavior",
issn = "0018-506X",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Post-partum variation in the expression of paternal care is unrelated to urinary steroid metabolites in marmoset fathers

AU - Cavanaugh, Jon

AU - French, Jeffrey A.

PY - 2013/4/1

Y1 - 2013/4/1

N2 - The organization and activation of maternal care are known to be highly regulated by hormones and there is growing evidence that expression of paternal care is also related to endocrine substrates. We examined the relationship between paternal behavior and steroid hormones in marmoset fathers (Callithrix geoffroyi) and evaluated whether hormone-paternal behavior relationships were altered by previous offspring-care experience in males. Based on previous findings, we predicted that testosterone, estradiol, and cortisol would decrease following the birth of offspring and would be lowest during the period of maximal infant carrying. Furthermore, we predicted that post-partum changes in carrying effort and hormone levels would be influenced by the level of offspring-care experience. Carrying effort and other paternal care behaviors underwent temporal changes over the post-partum period, but these patterns were not related to variation in hormone concentrations over the same period. There was a limited effect of offspring-care experience on hormone concentrations, but experience was found to play a role in the expression of paternal care, with experienced fathers engaging in significantly more infant allogrooming than inexperienced fathers. Furthermore, inexperienced fathers increased the frequency of food sharing in response to infant begging across the post-partum period, while experienced fathers displayed consistently low levels. We posit that a combination of experiential factors and an increased role for alloparents in offspring-care led to these changes. However, it appears that hormonal changes may not influence paternal responsiveness in white-faced marmoset fathers and that hormone-paternal behavior relationships are not critically dependent on a male's previous offspring-care experience.

AB - The organization and activation of maternal care are known to be highly regulated by hormones and there is growing evidence that expression of paternal care is also related to endocrine substrates. We examined the relationship between paternal behavior and steroid hormones in marmoset fathers (Callithrix geoffroyi) and evaluated whether hormone-paternal behavior relationships were altered by previous offspring-care experience in males. Based on previous findings, we predicted that testosterone, estradiol, and cortisol would decrease following the birth of offspring and would be lowest during the period of maximal infant carrying. Furthermore, we predicted that post-partum changes in carrying effort and hormone levels would be influenced by the level of offspring-care experience. Carrying effort and other paternal care behaviors underwent temporal changes over the post-partum period, but these patterns were not related to variation in hormone concentrations over the same period. There was a limited effect of offspring-care experience on hormone concentrations, but experience was found to play a role in the expression of paternal care, with experienced fathers engaging in significantly more infant allogrooming than inexperienced fathers. Furthermore, inexperienced fathers increased the frequency of food sharing in response to infant begging across the post-partum period, while experienced fathers displayed consistently low levels. We posit that a combination of experiential factors and an increased role for alloparents in offspring-care led to these changes. However, it appears that hormonal changes may not influence paternal responsiveness in white-faced marmoset fathers and that hormone-paternal behavior relationships are not critically dependent on a male's previous offspring-care experience.

KW - Cortisol

KW - Estradiol

KW - Offspring-care experience

KW - Paternal care

KW - Testosterone

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84876464716&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84876464716&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2013.02.006

DO - 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2013.02.006

M3 - Article

C2 - 23439223

AN - SCOPUS:84876464716

VL - 63

SP - 551

EP - 558

JO - Hormones and Behavior

JF - Hormones and Behavior

SN - 0018-506X

IS - 4

ER -