Positive and negative affect differentially influence identification of facial emotions

Nicholas J. Coupland, Ryan A. Sustrik, Patricia Ting, Daniel Li, Misha Hartfeil, Anita J. Singh, R. James Blair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Positive and negative affects may bias behavior toward approach to rewards and withdrawal from threat, particularly when the contingencies are ambiguous. The hypothesis was that positive and negative affects would associate predictably with identification of happy, disgusted, or angry expressions that may signal potentially rewarding or aversive social interactions. Healthy volunteers (n = 86) completed affect ratings and a facial emotion task that employed morphed continua in which emotional expressions gradually decreased in ambiguity. Relations between mood and intensity thresholds for emotion identification were computed. Anhedonia (low positive affect) predicted thresholds for happy expressions (r = 0.24; P = .026) whereas negative affect predicted thresholds for disgust (r = - 0.25; P =.022). Even within a normal range of mood, mood predicted emotion identification, supporting constructs of positive and negative affect derived originally from self-report measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-34
Number of pages4
JournalDepression and Anxiety
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 16 2004

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Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Emotion
  • Facial expression
  • Social perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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