Polyvictimization, Related Symptoms, and Familial and Neighborhood Contexts as Longitudinal Mediators of Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Violence Exposure Across Adolescence

Arthur R Andrews III, Cristina M. López, Alan Snyder, Benjamin Saunders, Dean G. Kilpatrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

African American and Hispanic adolescent experience more violence exposure relative to White youth. The present study examined the mediating role of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), delinquency, earlier victimization, and familial and neighborhood factors in disparities in future victimization. The study utilized data from the National Survey of Adolescents-Replication (N = 3,312), which consists of three waves of data collected approximately 1 year apart. A series of path models, tested polyvictimization, PTSS, delinquency, familial socioeconomic factors, and neighborhood safety as mediators of disparities in new polyvictimization. All cross-lagged and autoregressive paths positively predicted past-year polyvictimization and mediated longitudinal disparities. Familial socioeconomic variables and neighborhood safety mediated initial violence exposure disparities. Overall, results indicate that prior violence exposure, related mental health symptoms, and familial and neighborhood factors account for significant portions of disparities in new violence exposure across adolescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)679-692
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2019

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Mental health
  • Prospective/longitudinal
  • Racial/ethnic disparities
  • Violence victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this