Polyurethane foam (PUF) passive samplers for monitoring phenanthrene in stormwater

Yueqin Dou, Tian C. Zhang, Jing Zeng, John Stansbury, Massoum Moussavi, Dana L. Richter-Egger, Mitchell R. Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Pollution from highway stormwater runoff has been an increasing area of concern. Many structural Best Management Practices (BMPs) have been implemented for stormwater treatment and management. One challenge for these BMPs is to sample stormwater and monitor BMP performance. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using polyurethane foam (PUF) passive samplers (PSs) for sampling phenanthrene (PHE) in highway stormwater runoff and BMPs. Tests were conducted using batch reactors, glass-tube columns, and laboratory-scale BMPs (bioretention cells). Results indicate that sorption for PHE by PUF is mainly linearly relative to time, and the high sorption capacity allows the PUF passive sampler to monitor stormwater events for months or years. The PUF passive samplers could be embedded in BMPs for monitoring influent and effluent PHE concentrations. Models developed to link the results of batch and column tests proved to be useful for determining removal or sorption parameters and performance of the PUF-PSs. The predicted removal efficiencies of BMPs were close to the real values obtained from the control columns with errors ranging between -8.46 and 1.52%. This research showed that it is possible to use PUF passive samplers for sampling stormwater and monitoring the performance of stormwater BMPs, which warrants the field-scale feasibility studies in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)473-481
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Science: Processes and Impacts
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2016

Fingerprint

best management practice
phenanthrene
foam
stormwater
Practice Guidelines
sampler
Monitoring
monitoring
sorption
Sorption
Runoff
runoff
road
Sampling
polyurethane foam
sampling
Feasibility Studies
feasibility study
Batch reactors
Glass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Polyurethane foam (PUF) passive samplers for monitoring phenanthrene in stormwater. / Dou, Yueqin; Zhang, Tian C.; Zeng, Jing; Stansbury, John; Moussavi, Massoum; Richter-Egger, Dana L.; Klein, Mitchell R.

In: Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts, Vol. 18, No. 4, 04.2016, p. 473-481.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{807d0b30c9f945a49d84bc1e961ac304,
title = "Polyurethane foam (PUF) passive samplers for monitoring phenanthrene in stormwater",
abstract = "Pollution from highway stormwater runoff has been an increasing area of concern. Many structural Best Management Practices (BMPs) have been implemented for stormwater treatment and management. One challenge for these BMPs is to sample stormwater and monitor BMP performance. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using polyurethane foam (PUF) passive samplers (PSs) for sampling phenanthrene (PHE) in highway stormwater runoff and BMPs. Tests were conducted using batch reactors, glass-tube columns, and laboratory-scale BMPs (bioretention cells). Results indicate that sorption for PHE by PUF is mainly linearly relative to time, and the high sorption capacity allows the PUF passive sampler to monitor stormwater events for months or years. The PUF passive samplers could be embedded in BMPs for monitoring influent and effluent PHE concentrations. Models developed to link the results of batch and column tests proved to be useful for determining removal or sorption parameters and performance of the PUF-PSs. The predicted removal efficiencies of BMPs were close to the real values obtained from the control columns with errors ranging between -8.46 and 1.52{\%}. This research showed that it is possible to use PUF passive samplers for sampling stormwater and monitoring the performance of stormwater BMPs, which warrants the field-scale feasibility studies in the future.",
author = "Yueqin Dou and Zhang, {Tian C.} and Jing Zeng and John Stansbury and Massoum Moussavi and Richter-Egger, {Dana L.} and Klein, {Mitchell R.}",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1039/c5em00591d",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "473--481",
journal = "Environmental Sciences: Processes and Impacts",
issn = "2050-7887",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Polyurethane foam (PUF) passive samplers for monitoring phenanthrene in stormwater

AU - Dou, Yueqin

AU - Zhang, Tian C.

AU - Zeng, Jing

AU - Stansbury, John

AU - Moussavi, Massoum

AU - Richter-Egger, Dana L.

AU - Klein, Mitchell R.

PY - 2016/4

Y1 - 2016/4

N2 - Pollution from highway stormwater runoff has been an increasing area of concern. Many structural Best Management Practices (BMPs) have been implemented for stormwater treatment and management. One challenge for these BMPs is to sample stormwater and monitor BMP performance. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using polyurethane foam (PUF) passive samplers (PSs) for sampling phenanthrene (PHE) in highway stormwater runoff and BMPs. Tests were conducted using batch reactors, glass-tube columns, and laboratory-scale BMPs (bioretention cells). Results indicate that sorption for PHE by PUF is mainly linearly relative to time, and the high sorption capacity allows the PUF passive sampler to monitor stormwater events for months or years. The PUF passive samplers could be embedded in BMPs for monitoring influent and effluent PHE concentrations. Models developed to link the results of batch and column tests proved to be useful for determining removal or sorption parameters and performance of the PUF-PSs. The predicted removal efficiencies of BMPs were close to the real values obtained from the control columns with errors ranging between -8.46 and 1.52%. This research showed that it is possible to use PUF passive samplers for sampling stormwater and monitoring the performance of stormwater BMPs, which warrants the field-scale feasibility studies in the future.

AB - Pollution from highway stormwater runoff has been an increasing area of concern. Many structural Best Management Practices (BMPs) have been implemented for stormwater treatment and management. One challenge for these BMPs is to sample stormwater and monitor BMP performance. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using polyurethane foam (PUF) passive samplers (PSs) for sampling phenanthrene (PHE) in highway stormwater runoff and BMPs. Tests were conducted using batch reactors, glass-tube columns, and laboratory-scale BMPs (bioretention cells). Results indicate that sorption for PHE by PUF is mainly linearly relative to time, and the high sorption capacity allows the PUF passive sampler to monitor stormwater events for months or years. The PUF passive samplers could be embedded in BMPs for monitoring influent and effluent PHE concentrations. Models developed to link the results of batch and column tests proved to be useful for determining removal or sorption parameters and performance of the PUF-PSs. The predicted removal efficiencies of BMPs were close to the real values obtained from the control columns with errors ranging between -8.46 and 1.52%. This research showed that it is possible to use PUF passive samplers for sampling stormwater and monitoring the performance of stormwater BMPs, which warrants the field-scale feasibility studies in the future.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84968779671&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84968779671&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1039/c5em00591d

DO - 10.1039/c5em00591d

M3 - Article

C2 - 26942631

AN - SCOPUS:84968779671

VL - 18

SP - 473

EP - 481

JO - Environmental Sciences: Processes and Impacts

JF - Environmental Sciences: Processes and Impacts

SN - 2050-7887

IS - 4

ER -