Abstract

The present study was conducted to determine whether the antisecretory agents colchicine and ethanol affect the intracellular degradation of plasma proteins in rat liver. Plasma proteins were prelabeled in vivo with [3H]leucine and their levels were monitored immunochemically in both the medium and extracts of rat liver slices incubated alone or in the presence of 50 μM colchicine or 25 mM ethanol. Compared with those left untreated, colchicine‐treated slices had a 40‐55% lower secretory capacity and, at one point, showed significant hepatocellular retention of total plasma proteins. Plasma protein secretion by ethanol‐treated liver slices was 22‐32% lower than controls, but there was no detectable retention of unsecreted plasma proteins in the ethanol‐treated liver tissue. In all experiments, the total radioactivity in plasma proteins (i.e., the immunoprecipitable radioactivity in the liver plus that in the medium) decreased with time in a manner suggestive of intracellular degradation. Regression analyses of the rates of degradation of presecretory proteins revealed that compared with controls, plasma protein catabolism was accelerated 57% in colchicine‐treated slices. In ethanol‐treated liver slices, there was a 50% increase in the degradation of total plasma proteins and a 46% increase in albumin catabolism. In all cases, degradation was intracellular. These findings indicate that inhibition of hepatic protein secretion by either colchicine or ethanol is associated with accelerated catabolism of unsecreted plasma proteins, suggesting that hepatocellular degradative processes are responsive to changes in the levels of presecretory proteins and/or perturbations of the secretory process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-12
Number of pages6
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1991

Fingerprint

Colchicine
Liver
Blood Proteins
Ethanol
Degradation
Radioactivity
Rats
Liver Extracts
Proteins
Secretory Pathway
Leucine
Proteolysis
Albumins
Regression Analysis
Tissue

Keywords

  • Autophagic Vacuoles
  • Colchicine
  • Ethanol
  • Lysosomes
  • Protein Catabolism
  • Secretion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Plasma Protein Catabolism in Ethanol‐ and Colchicine‐ Treated Liver Slices. / Donohue, Terrence; Chaisson, M. L.; Zetterman, Rowen K.

In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, Vol. 15, No. 1, 02.1991, p. 7-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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