Pile design for use in high-tension cable median barriers

Mojdeh A. Pajouh, Karla A. Lechtenberg, Ron Faller

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Cross-median crashes are the most severe type of run-off-road highway crashes. Cross-median crashes represent approximately 2% to 5% of all interstate crashes, yet fatalities and serious injuries occur in as much as 30% of these severe events. Many state departments of transportation (DOTs) install cable median barriers to mitigate the risk of these types of crashes. In research efforts to design a high-tension cable median barrier, a review of several recent crash tests into cable barriers revealed test failures (i.e., vehicle floor pan tearing and penetration into occupant compartment) that were largely caused by a combination of the pile bending strength and cross-sectional geometry with exposed free edges. The bending strength of the pile, embedded in coarse crushed limestone, caused the top of the overridden pile to press up against the undercarriage of the vehicle. The geometry of the pile contributed to sheet metal tearing and penetration into the occupant compartment. Therefore, research efforts were made to design a new, closed-section pile for use in a non-proprietary, high-tension cable barrier system through dynamic component testing and computer simulations using the finite element program, LS-DYNA. A total of 20 bogie (surrogate vehicle) tests were conducted on potential closed-section piles with a 24-in. (610-mm) embedment depth to determine their strong- and weak-axis capacities under impact loading. The pile sections, including hollow structural section (HSS) 3×2×1/8 (76-mm×51-mm×3-mm), mechanical tube (MT) 3×2×11 gauge (76-mm×51-mm×3-mm), and MT 4×2×14 gauge (102-mm×51-mm×2-mm) were evaluated with different patterns of weakening holes. Analysis of test results and simulations indicated that the HSS 3×2×1/8 with two -in. (19-mm) diameter holes at groundline had the most promising potential to meet the desired strong- and weak-axis capacities, while reducing potential concern of floor pan tearing and penetration. Thus, it was recommended for further evaluation through full-scale crash testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGeotechnical Special Publication
EditorsSanjeev Kumar, Christopher L. Meehan, Joseph T. Coe, Miguel A. Pando
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages33-41
Number of pages9
EditionGSP 307
ISBN (Electronic)9780784482070, 9780784482087, 9780784482094, 9780784482100, 9780784482117, 9780784482124, 9780784482131, 9780784482148, 9780784482155, 9780784482162
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Event8th International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering: Foundations, Geo-Congress 2019 - Philadelphia, United States
Duration: Mar 24 2019Mar 27 2019

Publication series

NameGeotechnical Special Publication
NumberGSP 307
Volume2019-March
ISSN (Print)0895-0563

Conference

Conference8th International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering: Foundations, Geo-Congress 2019
CountryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia
Period3/24/193/27/19

Fingerprint

cable
Piles
Cables
pile
penetration
Bending strength
Gages
gauge
road
geometry
Geometry
Testing
Sheet metal
Limestone
computer simulation
limestone
runoff
test
metal
Computer simulation

Keywords

  • Cable Barrier
  • Dynamic Testing
  • Finite Element Simulations
  • Highway Safety
  • Impact Loading
  • LS-DYNA
  • Soil-Pile Interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Cite this

Pajouh, M. A., Lechtenberg, K. A., & Faller, R. (2019). Pile design for use in high-tension cable median barriers. In S. Kumar, C. L. Meehan, J. T. Coe, & M. A. Pando (Eds.), Geotechnical Special Publication (GSP 307 ed., pp. 33-41). (Geotechnical Special Publication; Vol. 2019-March, No. GSP 307). American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784482094.004

Pile design for use in high-tension cable median barriers. / Pajouh, Mojdeh A.; Lechtenberg, Karla A.; Faller, Ron.

Geotechnical Special Publication. ed. / Sanjeev Kumar; Christopher L. Meehan; Joseph T. Coe; Miguel A. Pando. GSP 307. ed. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2019. p. 33-41 (Geotechnical Special Publication; Vol. 2019-March, No. GSP 307).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Pajouh, MA, Lechtenberg, KA & Faller, R 2019, Pile design for use in high-tension cable median barriers. in S Kumar, CL Meehan, JT Coe & MA Pando (eds), Geotechnical Special Publication. GSP 307 edn, Geotechnical Special Publication, no. GSP 307, vol. 2019-March, American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), pp. 33-41, 8th International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering: Foundations, Geo-Congress 2019, Philadelphia, United States, 3/24/19. https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784482094.004
Pajouh MA, Lechtenberg KA, Faller R. Pile design for use in high-tension cable median barriers. In Kumar S, Meehan CL, Coe JT, Pando MA, editors, Geotechnical Special Publication. GSP 307 ed. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). 2019. p. 33-41. (Geotechnical Special Publication; GSP 307). https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784482094.004
Pajouh, Mojdeh A. ; Lechtenberg, Karla A. ; Faller, Ron. / Pile design for use in high-tension cable median barriers. Geotechnical Special Publication. editor / Sanjeev Kumar ; Christopher L. Meehan ; Joseph T. Coe ; Miguel A. Pando. GSP 307. ed. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2019. pp. 33-41 (Geotechnical Special Publication; GSP 307).
@inproceedings{349437e4868947b2ba5558e18edbf639,
title = "Pile design for use in high-tension cable median barriers",
abstract = "Cross-median crashes are the most severe type of run-off-road highway crashes. Cross-median crashes represent approximately 2{\%} to 5{\%} of all interstate crashes, yet fatalities and serious injuries occur in as much as 30{\%} of these severe events. Many state departments of transportation (DOTs) install cable median barriers to mitigate the risk of these types of crashes. In research efforts to design a high-tension cable median barrier, a review of several recent crash tests into cable barriers revealed test failures (i.e., vehicle floor pan tearing and penetration into occupant compartment) that were largely caused by a combination of the pile bending strength and cross-sectional geometry with exposed free edges. The bending strength of the pile, embedded in coarse crushed limestone, caused the top of the overridden pile to press up against the undercarriage of the vehicle. The geometry of the pile contributed to sheet metal tearing and penetration into the occupant compartment. Therefore, research efforts were made to design a new, closed-section pile for use in a non-proprietary, high-tension cable barrier system through dynamic component testing and computer simulations using the finite element program, LS-DYNA. A total of 20 bogie (surrogate vehicle) tests were conducted on potential closed-section piles with a 24-in. (610-mm) embedment depth to determine their strong- and weak-axis capacities under impact loading. The pile sections, including hollow structural section (HSS) 3×2×1/8 (76-mm×51-mm×3-mm), mechanical tube (MT) 3×2×11 gauge (76-mm×51-mm×3-mm), and MT 4×2×14 gauge (102-mm×51-mm×2-mm) were evaluated with different patterns of weakening holes. Analysis of test results and simulations indicated that the HSS 3×2×1/8 with two -in. (19-mm) diameter holes at groundline had the most promising potential to meet the desired strong- and weak-axis capacities, while reducing potential concern of floor pan tearing and penetration. Thus, it was recommended for further evaluation through full-scale crash testing.",
keywords = "Cable Barrier, Dynamic Testing, Finite Element Simulations, Highway Safety, Impact Loading, LS-DYNA, Soil-Pile Interaction",
author = "Pajouh, {Mojdeh A.} and Lechtenberg, {Karla A.} and Ron Faller",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1061/9780784482094.004",
language = "English (US)",
series = "Geotechnical Special Publication",
publisher = "American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)",
number = "GSP 307",
pages = "33--41",
editor = "Sanjeev Kumar and Meehan, {Christopher L.} and Coe, {Joseph T.} and Pando, {Miguel A.}",
booktitle = "Geotechnical Special Publication",
edition = "GSP 307",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Pile design for use in high-tension cable median barriers

AU - Pajouh, Mojdeh A.

AU - Lechtenberg, Karla A.

AU - Faller, Ron

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Cross-median crashes are the most severe type of run-off-road highway crashes. Cross-median crashes represent approximately 2% to 5% of all interstate crashes, yet fatalities and serious injuries occur in as much as 30% of these severe events. Many state departments of transportation (DOTs) install cable median barriers to mitigate the risk of these types of crashes. In research efforts to design a high-tension cable median barrier, a review of several recent crash tests into cable barriers revealed test failures (i.e., vehicle floor pan tearing and penetration into occupant compartment) that were largely caused by a combination of the pile bending strength and cross-sectional geometry with exposed free edges. The bending strength of the pile, embedded in coarse crushed limestone, caused the top of the overridden pile to press up against the undercarriage of the vehicle. The geometry of the pile contributed to sheet metal tearing and penetration into the occupant compartment. Therefore, research efforts were made to design a new, closed-section pile for use in a non-proprietary, high-tension cable barrier system through dynamic component testing and computer simulations using the finite element program, LS-DYNA. A total of 20 bogie (surrogate vehicle) tests were conducted on potential closed-section piles with a 24-in. (610-mm) embedment depth to determine their strong- and weak-axis capacities under impact loading. The pile sections, including hollow structural section (HSS) 3×2×1/8 (76-mm×51-mm×3-mm), mechanical tube (MT) 3×2×11 gauge (76-mm×51-mm×3-mm), and MT 4×2×14 gauge (102-mm×51-mm×2-mm) were evaluated with different patterns of weakening holes. Analysis of test results and simulations indicated that the HSS 3×2×1/8 with two -in. (19-mm) diameter holes at groundline had the most promising potential to meet the desired strong- and weak-axis capacities, while reducing potential concern of floor pan tearing and penetration. Thus, it was recommended for further evaluation through full-scale crash testing.

AB - Cross-median crashes are the most severe type of run-off-road highway crashes. Cross-median crashes represent approximately 2% to 5% of all interstate crashes, yet fatalities and serious injuries occur in as much as 30% of these severe events. Many state departments of transportation (DOTs) install cable median barriers to mitigate the risk of these types of crashes. In research efforts to design a high-tension cable median barrier, a review of several recent crash tests into cable barriers revealed test failures (i.e., vehicle floor pan tearing and penetration into occupant compartment) that were largely caused by a combination of the pile bending strength and cross-sectional geometry with exposed free edges. The bending strength of the pile, embedded in coarse crushed limestone, caused the top of the overridden pile to press up against the undercarriage of the vehicle. The geometry of the pile contributed to sheet metal tearing and penetration into the occupant compartment. Therefore, research efforts were made to design a new, closed-section pile for use in a non-proprietary, high-tension cable barrier system through dynamic component testing and computer simulations using the finite element program, LS-DYNA. A total of 20 bogie (surrogate vehicle) tests were conducted on potential closed-section piles with a 24-in. (610-mm) embedment depth to determine their strong- and weak-axis capacities under impact loading. The pile sections, including hollow structural section (HSS) 3×2×1/8 (76-mm×51-mm×3-mm), mechanical tube (MT) 3×2×11 gauge (76-mm×51-mm×3-mm), and MT 4×2×14 gauge (102-mm×51-mm×2-mm) were evaluated with different patterns of weakening holes. Analysis of test results and simulations indicated that the HSS 3×2×1/8 with two -in. (19-mm) diameter holes at groundline had the most promising potential to meet the desired strong- and weak-axis capacities, while reducing potential concern of floor pan tearing and penetration. Thus, it was recommended for further evaluation through full-scale crash testing.

KW - Cable Barrier

KW - Dynamic Testing

KW - Finite Element Simulations

KW - Highway Safety

KW - Impact Loading

KW - LS-DYNA

KW - Soil-Pile Interaction

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063536438&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85063536438&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1061/9780784482094.004

DO - 10.1061/9780784482094.004

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - Geotechnical Special Publication

SP - 33

EP - 41

BT - Geotechnical Special Publication

A2 - Kumar, Sanjeev

A2 - Meehan, Christopher L.

A2 - Coe, Joseph T.

A2 - Pando, Miguel A.

PB - American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)

ER -