Phosphoinositide-3 kinase-Rac1-c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase signaling mediates collagen I-induced cell scattering and up-regulation of N-cadherin expression in mouse mammary epithelial cells

Yasushi Shintani, Margaret J. Wheelock, Keith R Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During epithelial-to-mesenchymal transitions (EMTs), cells must change their interactions with one another and with their extracellular matrix in a synchronized manner. To characterize signaling pathways cells use to coordinate these changes, we used NMuMG mammary epithelial cells. We showed that these cells become fibroblastic and scattered, with increased N-cadherin expression when cultured on collagen I. Rac1 and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) were activated when cells were plated on collagen I, and dominant inhibitory Rac1 (RacN17) or inhibition of JNK signaling prevented collagen I-induced morphological changes and N-cadherin up-regulation. Furthermore, inhibiting phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K) activity prevented Rac1 and JNK activation as well as collagen I-induced N-cadherin up-regulation. These data implicate PI3K-Rac1-JNK signaling in collagen I-induced changes in NMuMG cells. To establish a role for N-cadherin in collagen I-induced cell scattering, we generated N-cadherin overexpressing and knockdown NMuMG cells and showed that knocking down N-cadherin expression prevented collagen I-induced morphological changes. Motility assays showed that cells overexpressing N-cadherin were significantly more motile than mock-transfected cells and that N-cadherin-mediated motility was collagen I dependent. In addition, we showed that cord formation and branching in three-dimensional culture (EMT-dependent events) required N-cadherin expression and PI3K-Rac1-JNK signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2963-2975
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume17
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2006

Fingerprint

1-Phosphatidylinositol 4-Kinase
JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Cadherins
Breast
Up-Regulation
Collagen
Epithelial Cells
Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
Cell Migration Assays
Extracellular Matrix

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

@article{72d1b184a94749929485515f18aefb7e,
title = "Phosphoinositide-3 kinase-Rac1-c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase signaling mediates collagen I-induced cell scattering and up-regulation of N-cadherin expression in mouse mammary epithelial cells",
abstract = "During epithelial-to-mesenchymal transitions (EMTs), cells must change their interactions with one another and with their extracellular matrix in a synchronized manner. To characterize signaling pathways cells use to coordinate these changes, we used NMuMG mammary epithelial cells. We showed that these cells become fibroblastic and scattered, with increased N-cadherin expression when cultured on collagen I. Rac1 and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) were activated when cells were plated on collagen I, and dominant inhibitory Rac1 (RacN17) or inhibition of JNK signaling prevented collagen I-induced morphological changes and N-cadherin up-regulation. Furthermore, inhibiting phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K) activity prevented Rac1 and JNK activation as well as collagen I-induced N-cadherin up-regulation. These data implicate PI3K-Rac1-JNK signaling in collagen I-induced changes in NMuMG cells. To establish a role for N-cadherin in collagen I-induced cell scattering, we generated N-cadherin overexpressing and knockdown NMuMG cells and showed that knocking down N-cadherin expression prevented collagen I-induced morphological changes. Motility assays showed that cells overexpressing N-cadherin were significantly more motile than mock-transfected cells and that N-cadherin-mediated motility was collagen I dependent. In addition, we showed that cord formation and branching in three-dimensional culture (EMT-dependent events) required N-cadherin expression and PI3K-Rac1-JNK signaling.",
author = "Yasushi Shintani and Wheelock, {Margaret J.} and Johnson, {Keith R}",
year = "2006",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1091/mbc.E05-12-1123",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "17",
pages = "2963--2975",
journal = "Molecular Biology of the Cell",
issn = "1059-1524",
publisher = "American Society for Cell Biology",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Phosphoinositide-3 kinase-Rac1-c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase signaling mediates collagen I-induced cell scattering and up-regulation of N-cadherin expression in mouse mammary epithelial cells

AU - Shintani, Yasushi

AU - Wheelock, Margaret J.

AU - Johnson, Keith R

PY - 2006/7/1

Y1 - 2006/7/1

N2 - During epithelial-to-mesenchymal transitions (EMTs), cells must change their interactions with one another and with their extracellular matrix in a synchronized manner. To characterize signaling pathways cells use to coordinate these changes, we used NMuMG mammary epithelial cells. We showed that these cells become fibroblastic and scattered, with increased N-cadherin expression when cultured on collagen I. Rac1 and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) were activated when cells were plated on collagen I, and dominant inhibitory Rac1 (RacN17) or inhibition of JNK signaling prevented collagen I-induced morphological changes and N-cadherin up-regulation. Furthermore, inhibiting phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K) activity prevented Rac1 and JNK activation as well as collagen I-induced N-cadherin up-regulation. These data implicate PI3K-Rac1-JNK signaling in collagen I-induced changes in NMuMG cells. To establish a role for N-cadherin in collagen I-induced cell scattering, we generated N-cadherin overexpressing and knockdown NMuMG cells and showed that knocking down N-cadherin expression prevented collagen I-induced morphological changes. Motility assays showed that cells overexpressing N-cadherin were significantly more motile than mock-transfected cells and that N-cadherin-mediated motility was collagen I dependent. In addition, we showed that cord formation and branching in three-dimensional culture (EMT-dependent events) required N-cadherin expression and PI3K-Rac1-JNK signaling.

AB - During epithelial-to-mesenchymal transitions (EMTs), cells must change their interactions with one another and with their extracellular matrix in a synchronized manner. To characterize signaling pathways cells use to coordinate these changes, we used NMuMG mammary epithelial cells. We showed that these cells become fibroblastic and scattered, with increased N-cadherin expression when cultured on collagen I. Rac1 and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) were activated when cells were plated on collagen I, and dominant inhibitory Rac1 (RacN17) or inhibition of JNK signaling prevented collagen I-induced morphological changes and N-cadherin up-regulation. Furthermore, inhibiting phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K) activity prevented Rac1 and JNK activation as well as collagen I-induced N-cadherin up-regulation. These data implicate PI3K-Rac1-JNK signaling in collagen I-induced changes in NMuMG cells. To establish a role for N-cadherin in collagen I-induced cell scattering, we generated N-cadherin overexpressing and knockdown NMuMG cells and showed that knocking down N-cadherin expression prevented collagen I-induced morphological changes. Motility assays showed that cells overexpressing N-cadherin were significantly more motile than mock-transfected cells and that N-cadherin-mediated motility was collagen I dependent. In addition, we showed that cord formation and branching in three-dimensional culture (EMT-dependent events) required N-cadherin expression and PI3K-Rac1-JNK signaling.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33745603471&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33745603471&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1091/mbc.E05-12-1123

DO - 10.1091/mbc.E05-12-1123

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 2963

EP - 2975

JO - Molecular Biology of the Cell

JF - Molecular Biology of the Cell

SN - 1059-1524

IS - 7

ER -