Phenotypic modifications of patients with full chromosome aneuploidies and concurrent suspected or confirmed second diagnoses

Yuri A. Zarate, Katherine A. Bosanko, Elizabeth Bhoj, Rebecca Ganetzky, Lois J Starr, Elaine H. Zackai, G. Bradley Schaefer

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The coexistence of two or more distinct genetic conditions is known to be a rare phenomenon. Full chromosome aneuploidies can be associated with a broad variety of cytogenetic abnormalities or single gene disorders resulting in phenotypic modifications that confuse the diagnostic process. We present six patients with primary aneuploidies and a suspected or confirmed secondary genetic diagnosis or unusual birth defect. Among the cases included, we report the first patients with concurrent Down syndrome in combination with Prader-Willi, Craniofacial Microsomia, and Stickler syndromes. We also describe only the second reported case of a neonate with Down syndrome and Marfan syndrome. In all cases, the unusual clinical presentations lead to further molecular cytogenetic studies as well as single or multi-gene molecular evaluations. We make emphasis on the importance of entertaining the possibility of coexistent diagnoses when the phenotype is not what is expected for aneuploidies rather than attributing the unusual findings to rare or unreported associations of the primary aneuploidy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2168-2175
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2015



  • Aneuploidy
  • Array CGH
  • Down syndrome
  • Turner syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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