Pharmacological heterogeneity of NMDA receptors: Characterization of NR1a/NR2D heteromers expressed in Xenopus oocytes

Amy L. Buller, Daniel T. Monaghan

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Abstract

The pharmacology of recombinant NR1a/NR2D NMDA receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes was examined and compared to the pharmacology of NR1a/NR2A, NR1a/NR2B and NR1a/NR2C heteromers. The NR1/NR2D heteromer showed a pharmacological profile distinct from each of the other NR1/NR2 heteromers. This unique pharmacological profile was characterized by a relatively lower affinity for the agonist homoquinolinate and the antagonists 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoate (D-AP5) and (R,E)-4-(3-phosphonoprop-2-enyl)piperazine-2-carboxylic acid (D-CPPene) but not for the antagonists (±)-4-(4-phenylbenzoyl) piperazine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (PBPD) and α-amino-5-(phosphonomethyl)[1,1'-biphenyl]-3-propanoic acid (EAB515). NR2D-containing receptors displayed a pharmacological profile most similar to that observed for receptors containing the genetically related NR2C subunit. These findings parallel observations obtained for native NMDA receptors in the medial thalamus (presumed to contain NR2D subunits) and forebrain (presumed to contain NR2A and NR2B subunits). Thus, only compounds that discriminate between either NR2A- or NR2B-containing heteromers and NR2D-containing heteromers also discriminate between forebrain and medial thalamic NMDA receptors. While the pharmacology of the NR1a/NR2D receptor shows many parallels to the medial thalamic NMDA receptor, some differences were observed. Certain compounds which discriminate between medial thalamic and cerebellar (presumed to contain NR2C subunits) receptors (e.g., homoquinolinate, D-CPPene) did not show a similar selectivity for NR1a/NR2D receptors relative to NR1/NR2C receptors. Co-expression of NR1a, NR2B and NR2D subunits in Xenopus oocytes resulted in the formation of heteromeric complexes with unique pharmacological properties, suggesting the co-existence of these two distinct NR2 subunits in the same receptor complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-94
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume320
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 5 1997

Fingerprint

Xenopus
N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptors
Oocytes
Pharmacology
Prosencephalon
Dicarboxylic Amino Acids
2-Amino-5-phosphonovalerate
Thalamus
SDZ EAA 494

Keywords

  • Glutamate receptor
  • Ligand-gated ion channel
  • NMDA receptor
  • Xenopus oocyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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title = "Pharmacological heterogeneity of NMDA receptors: Characterization of NR1a/NR2D heteromers expressed in Xenopus oocytes",
abstract = "The pharmacology of recombinant NR1a/NR2D NMDA receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes was examined and compared to the pharmacology of NR1a/NR2A, NR1a/NR2B and NR1a/NR2C heteromers. The NR1/NR2D heteromer showed a pharmacological profile distinct from each of the other NR1/NR2 heteromers. This unique pharmacological profile was characterized by a relatively lower affinity for the agonist homoquinolinate and the antagonists 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoate (D-AP5) and (R,E)-4-(3-phosphonoprop-2-enyl)piperazine-2-carboxylic acid (D-CPPene) but not for the antagonists (±)-4-(4-phenylbenzoyl) piperazine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (PBPD) and α-amino-5-(phosphonomethyl)[1,1'-biphenyl]-3-propanoic acid (EAB515). NR2D-containing receptors displayed a pharmacological profile most similar to that observed for receptors containing the genetically related NR2C subunit. These findings parallel observations obtained for native NMDA receptors in the medial thalamus (presumed to contain NR2D subunits) and forebrain (presumed to contain NR2A and NR2B subunits). Thus, only compounds that discriminate between either NR2A- or NR2B-containing heteromers and NR2D-containing heteromers also discriminate between forebrain and medial thalamic NMDA receptors. While the pharmacology of the NR1a/NR2D receptor shows many parallels to the medial thalamic NMDA receptor, some differences were observed. Certain compounds which discriminate between medial thalamic and cerebellar (presumed to contain NR2C subunits) receptors (e.g., homoquinolinate, D-CPPene) did not show a similar selectivity for NR1a/NR2D receptors relative to NR1/NR2C receptors. Co-expression of NR1a, NR2B and NR2D subunits in Xenopus oocytes resulted in the formation of heteromeric complexes with unique pharmacological properties, suggesting the co-existence of these two distinct NR2 subunits in the same receptor complex.",
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T2 - Characterization of NR1a/NR2D heteromers expressed in Xenopus oocytes

AU - Buller, Amy L.

AU - Monaghan, Daniel T.

PY - 1997/2/5

Y1 - 1997/2/5

N2 - The pharmacology of recombinant NR1a/NR2D NMDA receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes was examined and compared to the pharmacology of NR1a/NR2A, NR1a/NR2B and NR1a/NR2C heteromers. The NR1/NR2D heteromer showed a pharmacological profile distinct from each of the other NR1/NR2 heteromers. This unique pharmacological profile was characterized by a relatively lower affinity for the agonist homoquinolinate and the antagonists 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoate (D-AP5) and (R,E)-4-(3-phosphonoprop-2-enyl)piperazine-2-carboxylic acid (D-CPPene) but not for the antagonists (±)-4-(4-phenylbenzoyl) piperazine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (PBPD) and α-amino-5-(phosphonomethyl)[1,1'-biphenyl]-3-propanoic acid (EAB515). NR2D-containing receptors displayed a pharmacological profile most similar to that observed for receptors containing the genetically related NR2C subunit. These findings parallel observations obtained for native NMDA receptors in the medial thalamus (presumed to contain NR2D subunits) and forebrain (presumed to contain NR2A and NR2B subunits). Thus, only compounds that discriminate between either NR2A- or NR2B-containing heteromers and NR2D-containing heteromers also discriminate between forebrain and medial thalamic NMDA receptors. While the pharmacology of the NR1a/NR2D receptor shows many parallels to the medial thalamic NMDA receptor, some differences were observed. Certain compounds which discriminate between medial thalamic and cerebellar (presumed to contain NR2C subunits) receptors (e.g., homoquinolinate, D-CPPene) did not show a similar selectivity for NR1a/NR2D receptors relative to NR1/NR2C receptors. Co-expression of NR1a, NR2B and NR2D subunits in Xenopus oocytes resulted in the formation of heteromeric complexes with unique pharmacological properties, suggesting the co-existence of these two distinct NR2 subunits in the same receptor complex.

AB - The pharmacology of recombinant NR1a/NR2D NMDA receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes was examined and compared to the pharmacology of NR1a/NR2A, NR1a/NR2B and NR1a/NR2C heteromers. The NR1/NR2D heteromer showed a pharmacological profile distinct from each of the other NR1/NR2 heteromers. This unique pharmacological profile was characterized by a relatively lower affinity for the agonist homoquinolinate and the antagonists 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoate (D-AP5) and (R,E)-4-(3-phosphonoprop-2-enyl)piperazine-2-carboxylic acid (D-CPPene) but not for the antagonists (±)-4-(4-phenylbenzoyl) piperazine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (PBPD) and α-amino-5-(phosphonomethyl)[1,1'-biphenyl]-3-propanoic acid (EAB515). NR2D-containing receptors displayed a pharmacological profile most similar to that observed for receptors containing the genetically related NR2C subunit. These findings parallel observations obtained for native NMDA receptors in the medial thalamus (presumed to contain NR2D subunits) and forebrain (presumed to contain NR2A and NR2B subunits). Thus, only compounds that discriminate between either NR2A- or NR2B-containing heteromers and NR2D-containing heteromers also discriminate between forebrain and medial thalamic NMDA receptors. While the pharmacology of the NR1a/NR2D receptor shows many parallels to the medial thalamic NMDA receptor, some differences were observed. Certain compounds which discriminate between medial thalamic and cerebellar (presumed to contain NR2C subunits) receptors (e.g., homoquinolinate, D-CPPene) did not show a similar selectivity for NR1a/NR2D receptors relative to NR1/NR2C receptors. Co-expression of NR1a, NR2B and NR2D subunits in Xenopus oocytes resulted in the formation of heteromeric complexes with unique pharmacological properties, suggesting the co-existence of these two distinct NR2 subunits in the same receptor complex.

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