Phage-based expression cloning to identify interacting proteins.

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Abstract

Interaction cloning (also known as expression cloning) is a technique to identify and clone genes which encode proteins that interact with a protein of interest, or "bait" protein. The procedure presented in this unit involves a fusion protein consisting of bait protein and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) with a protein kinase A site at the junction between them (the protocol can, however, be adapted to use other PKA-containing recombinant proteins). The labeled protein is subsequently used as a probe to screen a l bacteriophage-derived cDNA expression library, which expresses b -galactosidase fusion proteins that contain in-frame gene fusions. The phages lyse cells, form plaques, and release fusion proteins that are adsorbed onto nitrocellulose membrane filters. The filters are blocked with excess nonspecific protein to eliminate nonspecific binding and probed with the radiolabeled bait protein. This procedure leads directly to the isolation of genes encoding the interacting protein, bypassing the need for purification and microsequencing or for antibody production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)Unit19.3
JournalCurrent protocols in protein science / editorial board, John E. Coligan ... [et al.]
VolumeChapter 19
StatePublished - May 2001

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Bacteriophages
Cloning
Organism Cloning
Proteins
Fusion reactions
Galactosidases
Genes
Collodion
Gene Fusion
Protein S
Gene encoding
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
Glutathione Transferase
Gene Library
Recombinant Proteins
Antibody Formation
Purification
Clone Cells
Complementary DNA
Membranes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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AB - Interaction cloning (also known as expression cloning) is a technique to identify and clone genes which encode proteins that interact with a protein of interest, or "bait" protein. The procedure presented in this unit involves a fusion protein consisting of bait protein and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) with a protein kinase A site at the junction between them (the protocol can, however, be adapted to use other PKA-containing recombinant proteins). The labeled protein is subsequently used as a probe to screen a l bacteriophage-derived cDNA expression library, which expresses b -galactosidase fusion proteins that contain in-frame gene fusions. The phages lyse cells, form plaques, and release fusion proteins that are adsorbed onto nitrocellulose membrane filters. The filters are blocked with excess nonspecific protein to eliminate nonspecific binding and probed with the radiolabeled bait protein. This procedure leads directly to the isolation of genes encoding the interacting protein, bypassing the need for purification and microsequencing or for antibody production.

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