Pesticide Use Practices in Rural Armenia

Artashes Tadevosyan, Natalya Tadevosyan, Kevin Kelly, Shawn G. Gibbs, Risto Rautiainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pesticide use can have adverse effects on both human health and the environment. Inappropriate use of pesticides increases the health risk to those who work with or live around pesticides. Educational programs for agricultural workers on the proper use of pesticides and personal protective equipment coupled with pesticide regulations are important tools to reduce the associated health risks. The authors conducted a survey (N = 2336) on pesticide use practices in the Ararat Valley of Armenia in 2000-2006. This study was a cross-sectional design. A multistage sampling method was implemented in the selection of the study population. The authors developed a questionnaire containing 173 questions to evaluate demographic characteristics, health conditions, and details of pesticides use practices. The intensity of pesticide use was high; 82.8% of respondents used them. More than 150 brand names of pesticides were in use. Unregistered, obsolete, expired, and banned compounds were found in active use. Poor compliance with the basic rules of pesticide safety was found throughout the study population, with 21.3% using gloves and only 11% using respirators. The agricultural workers' knowledge of the toxic properties of these pesticides as well as basic hygienic norms was very low. In some instances, the number of agrichemical applications to crops, particularly cucumbers and melons, reached 40 applications during the growing season. Better protection and training of pesticide users in Armenia is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)326-333
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Agromedicine
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013

Fingerprint

Armenia
Pesticides
Health
Agrochemicals
Cucurbitaceae
Cucumis sativus
Poisons
Mechanical Ventilators
Population

Keywords

  • Education
  • health
  • personal protective equipment
  • pesticide
  • safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Tadevosyan, A., Tadevosyan, N., Kelly, K., Gibbs, S. G., & Rautiainen, R. (2013). Pesticide Use Practices in Rural Armenia. Journal of Agromedicine, 18(4), 326-333. https://doi.org/10.1080/1059924X.2013.826118

Pesticide Use Practices in Rural Armenia. / Tadevosyan, Artashes; Tadevosyan, Natalya; Kelly, Kevin; Gibbs, Shawn G.; Rautiainen, Risto.

In: Journal of Agromedicine, Vol. 18, No. 4, 01.10.2013, p. 326-333.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tadevosyan, A, Tadevosyan, N, Kelly, K, Gibbs, SG & Rautiainen, R 2013, 'Pesticide Use Practices in Rural Armenia', Journal of Agromedicine, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 326-333. https://doi.org/10.1080/1059924X.2013.826118
Tadevosyan, Artashes ; Tadevosyan, Natalya ; Kelly, Kevin ; Gibbs, Shawn G. ; Rautiainen, Risto. / Pesticide Use Practices in Rural Armenia. In: Journal of Agromedicine. 2013 ; Vol. 18, No. 4. pp. 326-333.
@article{e61371d046184cc4b63591a7cd9b9ff8,
title = "Pesticide Use Practices in Rural Armenia",
abstract = "Pesticide use can have adverse effects on both human health and the environment. Inappropriate use of pesticides increases the health risk to those who work with or live around pesticides. Educational programs for agricultural workers on the proper use of pesticides and personal protective equipment coupled with pesticide regulations are important tools to reduce the associated health risks. The authors conducted a survey (N = 2336) on pesticide use practices in the Ararat Valley of Armenia in 2000-2006. This study was a cross-sectional design. A multistage sampling method was implemented in the selection of the study population. The authors developed a questionnaire containing 173 questions to evaluate demographic characteristics, health conditions, and details of pesticides use practices. The intensity of pesticide use was high; 82.8{\%} of respondents used them. More than 150 brand names of pesticides were in use. Unregistered, obsolete, expired, and banned compounds were found in active use. Poor compliance with the basic rules of pesticide safety was found throughout the study population, with 21.3{\%} using gloves and only 11{\%} using respirators. The agricultural workers' knowledge of the toxic properties of these pesticides as well as basic hygienic norms was very low. In some instances, the number of agrichemical applications to crops, particularly cucumbers and melons, reached 40 applications during the growing season. Better protection and training of pesticide users in Armenia is needed.",
keywords = "Education, health, personal protective equipment, pesticide, safety",
author = "Artashes Tadevosyan and Natalya Tadevosyan and Kevin Kelly and Gibbs, {Shawn G.} and Risto Rautiainen",
year = "2013",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/1059924X.2013.826118",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "326--333",
journal = "Journal of Agromedicine",
issn = "1059-924X",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pesticide Use Practices in Rural Armenia

AU - Tadevosyan, Artashes

AU - Tadevosyan, Natalya

AU - Kelly, Kevin

AU - Gibbs, Shawn G.

AU - Rautiainen, Risto

PY - 2013/10/1

Y1 - 2013/10/1

N2 - Pesticide use can have adverse effects on both human health and the environment. Inappropriate use of pesticides increases the health risk to those who work with or live around pesticides. Educational programs for agricultural workers on the proper use of pesticides and personal protective equipment coupled with pesticide regulations are important tools to reduce the associated health risks. The authors conducted a survey (N = 2336) on pesticide use practices in the Ararat Valley of Armenia in 2000-2006. This study was a cross-sectional design. A multistage sampling method was implemented in the selection of the study population. The authors developed a questionnaire containing 173 questions to evaluate demographic characteristics, health conditions, and details of pesticides use practices. The intensity of pesticide use was high; 82.8% of respondents used them. More than 150 brand names of pesticides were in use. Unregistered, obsolete, expired, and banned compounds were found in active use. Poor compliance with the basic rules of pesticide safety was found throughout the study population, with 21.3% using gloves and only 11% using respirators. The agricultural workers' knowledge of the toxic properties of these pesticides as well as basic hygienic norms was very low. In some instances, the number of agrichemical applications to crops, particularly cucumbers and melons, reached 40 applications during the growing season. Better protection and training of pesticide users in Armenia is needed.

AB - Pesticide use can have adverse effects on both human health and the environment. Inappropriate use of pesticides increases the health risk to those who work with or live around pesticides. Educational programs for agricultural workers on the proper use of pesticides and personal protective equipment coupled with pesticide regulations are important tools to reduce the associated health risks. The authors conducted a survey (N = 2336) on pesticide use practices in the Ararat Valley of Armenia in 2000-2006. This study was a cross-sectional design. A multistage sampling method was implemented in the selection of the study population. The authors developed a questionnaire containing 173 questions to evaluate demographic characteristics, health conditions, and details of pesticides use practices. The intensity of pesticide use was high; 82.8% of respondents used them. More than 150 brand names of pesticides were in use. Unregistered, obsolete, expired, and banned compounds were found in active use. Poor compliance with the basic rules of pesticide safety was found throughout the study population, with 21.3% using gloves and only 11% using respirators. The agricultural workers' knowledge of the toxic properties of these pesticides as well as basic hygienic norms was very low. In some instances, the number of agrichemical applications to crops, particularly cucumbers and melons, reached 40 applications during the growing season. Better protection and training of pesticide users in Armenia is needed.

KW - Education

KW - health

KW - personal protective equipment

KW - pesticide

KW - safety

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84886900790&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84886900790&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/1059924X.2013.826118

DO - 10.1080/1059924X.2013.826118

M3 - Article

C2 - 24125047

AN - SCOPUS:84886900790

VL - 18

SP - 326

EP - 333

JO - Journal of Agromedicine

JF - Journal of Agromedicine

SN - 1059-924X

IS - 4

ER -