Perspectives of nurses toward telehealth efficacy and quality of health care

Pilot study

Ayisha Bashir, Dhundy Raj Bastola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Telehealth nursing, or the delivery, management, and coordination of nursing care services provided via telecommunications technology, is one of the methods of delivering health care to patients in the United States. It is important to assess the service quality of the involved health professionals as well as the telehealth nursing process. The focus of this study is the innovative model of telehealth care delivery by nurses for managing patients with chronic disease while they are living in their own residence. Objective: The primary objective of this pilot study was to examine whether telehealth technology impacts the perceived level of internal service quality delivered by nurses within a telehealth organization. To address this research goal, the notion of telehealth nursing service quality (TNSQ) is empirically tested and validated with a survey instrument. Methods: Data were collected from nurses belonging to a home care agency based on interview questions inquiring about facilitators and inhibitors to TNSQ. A survey to measure TNSQ based on the SERVQUAL instrument was completed by adjusting descriptions of the original instrument to suit the context. Follow-up interviews were conducted to validate questions on the revised instrument. Results: The findings of this survey research were positive, based on mean differences between expectations and perceptions of TNSQ. This indicates satisfaction with TNSQ and shows that the quality of the service is higher than what the respondents expect. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test using the P value for the test, which is .35, did not show a statistically significant change between the median differences of perception and expectation. The total number of respondents was 13. Results indicate that overall perceived service quality is a positive value (0.05332). This means the perceptions of the level of service are slightly higher than what they expect, indicating there is satisfaction with TNSQ. Conclusions: The responses to the interview questions and data gathered from the survey showed overall satisfaction with TNSQ. The SERVQUAL instrument was a good framework to assess TNSQ. In a nutshell, the study highlighted how the telehealth process provides daily monitoring of patient health, leading to the benefits of immediate feedback for patients, family, and caregivers as well as convenience of scheduling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere35
JournalJournal of Medical Internet Research
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

Fingerprint

Telemedicine
Quality of Health Care
Nursing Services
Nurses
Interviews
Home Care Agencies
Technology
Nursing Process
Telecommunications
Health
Physiologic Monitoring
Nonparametric Statistics
Research
Caregivers
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Survey
  • Telehealth
  • Telemedicine
  • Telenursing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics

Cite this

Perspectives of nurses toward telehealth efficacy and quality of health care : Pilot study. / Bashir, Ayisha; Bastola, Dhundy Raj.

In: Journal of Medical Internet Research, Vol. 20, No. 5, e35, 01.05.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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