Personal victimization in a high-risk environment: Homeless and runaway adolescents

Dan R. Hoyt, Kimberly D. Ryan, Ana Mari Cauce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

79 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Criminal opportunity theories identify four basic constructs that are central to models of victimization: proximity, exposure, victim attractiveness, and guardianship. Proximity was controlled, allowing the examination of the potential effects of exposure, victim attractiveness, and guardianship in more detail. Discrete-time event history models were used to estimate the contemporary-time predictors of personal victimization and the time-lagged effect of prior victimization from a five-wave longitudinal study of street youths. The study found strong support for exposure hypotheses with increased victimization risk associated with time on the streets, substance abuse, and affiliation with deviant peers. Selected indicators of victim attractiveness and guardianship hypotheses were significant but, overall, the support for these two dimensions was more limited. Prior victimization was associated with approximately a 2.5 times increase in the odds of subsequent victimization. This study suggests several interpretations of this effect, and it argues for additional situation-specific research to provide further elaboration of victimization theories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-392
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Research in Crime and Delinquency
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 9 1999

Fingerprint

Homeless Youth
Crime Victims
Substance-Related Disorders
Longitudinal Studies
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Personal victimization in a high-risk environment : Homeless and runaway adolescents. / Hoyt, Dan R.; Ryan, Kimberly D.; Cauce, Ana Mari.

In: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Vol. 36, No. 4, 09.11.1999, p. 371-392.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{438aec7059d344478ef373679c88514b,
title = "Personal victimization in a high-risk environment: Homeless and runaway adolescents",
abstract = "Criminal opportunity theories identify four basic constructs that are central to models of victimization: proximity, exposure, victim attractiveness, and guardianship. Proximity was controlled, allowing the examination of the potential effects of exposure, victim attractiveness, and guardianship in more detail. Discrete-time event history models were used to estimate the contemporary-time predictors of personal victimization and the time-lagged effect of prior victimization from a five-wave longitudinal study of street youths. The study found strong support for exposure hypotheses with increased victimization risk associated with time on the streets, substance abuse, and affiliation with deviant peers. Selected indicators of victim attractiveness and guardianship hypotheses were significant but, overall, the support for these two dimensions was more limited. Prior victimization was associated with approximately a 2.5 times increase in the odds of subsequent victimization. This study suggests several interpretations of this effect, and it argues for additional situation-specific research to provide further elaboration of victimization theories.",
author = "Hoyt, {Dan R.} and Ryan, {Kimberly D.} and Cauce, {Ana Mari}",
year = "1999",
month = "11",
day = "9",
doi = "10.1177/0022427899036004002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "36",
pages = "371--392",
journal = "Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency",
issn = "0022-4278",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personal victimization in a high-risk environment

T2 - Homeless and runaway adolescents

AU - Hoyt, Dan R.

AU - Ryan, Kimberly D.

AU - Cauce, Ana Mari

PY - 1999/11/9

Y1 - 1999/11/9

N2 - Criminal opportunity theories identify four basic constructs that are central to models of victimization: proximity, exposure, victim attractiveness, and guardianship. Proximity was controlled, allowing the examination of the potential effects of exposure, victim attractiveness, and guardianship in more detail. Discrete-time event history models were used to estimate the contemporary-time predictors of personal victimization and the time-lagged effect of prior victimization from a five-wave longitudinal study of street youths. The study found strong support for exposure hypotheses with increased victimization risk associated with time on the streets, substance abuse, and affiliation with deviant peers. Selected indicators of victim attractiveness and guardianship hypotheses were significant but, overall, the support for these two dimensions was more limited. Prior victimization was associated with approximately a 2.5 times increase in the odds of subsequent victimization. This study suggests several interpretations of this effect, and it argues for additional situation-specific research to provide further elaboration of victimization theories.

AB - Criminal opportunity theories identify four basic constructs that are central to models of victimization: proximity, exposure, victim attractiveness, and guardianship. Proximity was controlled, allowing the examination of the potential effects of exposure, victim attractiveness, and guardianship in more detail. Discrete-time event history models were used to estimate the contemporary-time predictors of personal victimization and the time-lagged effect of prior victimization from a five-wave longitudinal study of street youths. The study found strong support for exposure hypotheses with increased victimization risk associated with time on the streets, substance abuse, and affiliation with deviant peers. Selected indicators of victim attractiveness and guardianship hypotheses were significant but, overall, the support for these two dimensions was more limited. Prior victimization was associated with approximately a 2.5 times increase in the odds of subsequent victimization. This study suggests several interpretations of this effect, and it argues for additional situation-specific research to provide further elaboration of victimization theories.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032729223&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032729223&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0022427899036004002

DO - 10.1177/0022427899036004002

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0032729223

VL - 36

SP - 371

EP - 392

JO - Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency

JF - Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency

SN - 0022-4278

IS - 4

ER -