Performance characteristics of retarded and normal students on pattern recognition tasks

Les Sternberg, Michael H. Epstein, Dan Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose was to compare the performance of normal and educable mentally retarded children on pattern recognition tasks. Pattern recognition was assessed by the administration of 96 pattern tasks which measured the ability of children to find: (a) duplicate patterns and same elements as presented in model pattern sequences; (b) opposite patterns and same elements as presented in model pattern sequences; and (c) duplicate patterns but different elements than presented in model pattern sequences. The normal and mentally retarded children were matched on mental age derived from individual and group intelligence tests. Results indicated significant differences in performance measures between groups and various pattern tasks. The data support the suppositions that: (a) mentally retarded children and normal children show the same type of progression through the hierarchical arrangement of pattern tasks; and (b) mentally retarded children show a slower progression through the hierarchy than normal children when matched on mental age. Educational implications from this study are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-218
Number of pages10
JournalContemporary Educational Psychology
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1977

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pattern recognition
Students
Mentally Disabled Persons
performance
student
intelligence test
Intelligence Tests
Aptitude
Group
ability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Performance characteristics of retarded and normal students on pattern recognition tasks. / Sternberg, Les; Epstein, Michael H.; Adams, Dan.

In: Contemporary Educational Psychology, Vol. 2, No. 3, 07.1977, p. 209-218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sternberg, Les ; Epstein, Michael H. ; Adams, Dan. / Performance characteristics of retarded and normal students on pattern recognition tasks. In: Contemporary Educational Psychology. 1977 ; Vol. 2, No. 3. pp. 209-218.
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