Perception of job-related risk, training, and use of personal protective equipment (PPE) among Latino immigrant HOG CAFO workers in Missouri: A pilot study

Athena K. Ramos, Axel Fuentes, Natalia Trinidad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


Hog production in the United States is a large industry that has seen dramatic changes over the last few decades. Concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) are growing in number throughout the country. This pilot study explores the perception of risk, receipt of work-related training, provision and usage of personal protective equipment (PPE), and prevention preferences of Latino immigrant hog CAFO workers in Missouri. Forty workers (M age = 36.08 years, SD = 10.04; 92.5% male; 70.0% Mexican) were interviewed. Results indicate that most workers did not perceive their job as dangerous. Limited English proficient workers were significantly less likely to report receiving any work-related training. Although most workers had access to employer provided PPE, usage was inconsistent. As the demographic composition of the farmworker population in the Midwest becomes increasingly comprised of hired immigrant workers, it will be imperative to develop occupational safety and health educational and outreach efforts focused on the needs of these workers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number25
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016



  • Agricultural health
  • Animal confinement
  • Concentrated animal feeding operation (CAFO)
  • Health disparities
  • Immigrant farmworkers
  • Swine
  • Worker safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Safety Research

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