Pediatric Ventilator-Associated Events: Analysis of the Pediatric Ventilator-Associated Infection Data

Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI) Network

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of infection applying the proposed pediatric ventilator-associated events criteria versus clinician-diagnosed ventilator-associated infection to subjects in the pediatric ventilator-associated infection study. DESIGN: Analysis of prospectively collected data from the pediatric ventilator-associated infection study. SETTING: PICUs of 47 hospitals in the United States, Canada, and Australia. PATIENTS: Two-hundred twenty-nine children ventilated for greater than 48 hours who had respiratory secretion cultures performed to evaluate for suspected ventilator-associated infection.None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Applying the proposed pediatric ventilator-associated event criteria, 15 of 229 subjects in the ventilator-associated infection study qualified as "ventilator-associated condition" and five of 229 (2%) met criteria for "infection-related ventilator-associated complication." This was compared with 89 of 229 (39%) diagnosed as clinical ventilator-associated infection (Kappa = 0.068). Ten of 15 subjects identified as ventilator-associated condition did not meet criteria for infection-related ventilator-associated complication primarily because they did not receive 4 days of antibiotics. Ventilator-associated condition subjects were similar demographically to nonventilator-associated condition subjects and had similar mortality (13% vs 10%), PICU-free days (6.9 ± 7.7; interquartile range, 0-14 vs 9.8 ± 9.6; interquartile range, 0-19; p = 0.25), but fewer ventilator-free days (6.6 ± 9.3; interquartile range, 1-15 vs 12.4 ± 10.7; interquartile range, 0-22; p = 0.04). The clinical ventilator-associated infection diagnosis in the ventilator-associated infection study was associated with fewer PICU-free days but no difference in mortality or ventilator-free days. CONCLUSIONS: The ventilator-associated event criteria appear to be insensitive to the clinical diagnosis of ventilator-associated infection. Differentiation between ventilator-associated condition and infection-related ventilator-associated complication was primarily determined by the clinician decision to treat with antibiotics rather than clinical signs and symptoms. The utility of the proposed pediatric ventilator-associated event criteria as a surrogate for ventilator-associated infection criteria is unclear.

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Mechanical Ventilators
Pediatrics
Infection
Anti-Bacterial Agents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

@article{b914f19abf0e4c7782b0b912e5e13692,
title = "Pediatric Ventilator-Associated Events: Analysis of the Pediatric Ventilator-Associated Infection Data",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of infection applying the proposed pediatric ventilator-associated events criteria versus clinician-diagnosed ventilator-associated infection to subjects in the pediatric ventilator-associated infection study. DESIGN: Analysis of prospectively collected data from the pediatric ventilator-associated infection study. SETTING: PICUs of 47 hospitals in the United States, Canada, and Australia. PATIENTS: Two-hundred twenty-nine children ventilated for greater than 48 hours who had respiratory secretion cultures performed to evaluate for suspected ventilator-associated infection.None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Applying the proposed pediatric ventilator-associated event criteria, 15 of 229 subjects in the ventilator-associated infection study qualified as {"}ventilator-associated condition{"} and five of 229 (2{\%}) met criteria for {"}infection-related ventilator-associated complication.{"} This was compared with 89 of 229 (39{\%}) diagnosed as clinical ventilator-associated infection (Kappa = 0.068). Ten of 15 subjects identified as ventilator-associated condition did not meet criteria for infection-related ventilator-associated complication primarily because they did not receive 4 days of antibiotics. Ventilator-associated condition subjects were similar demographically to nonventilator-associated condition subjects and had similar mortality (13{\%} vs 10{\%}), PICU-free days (6.9 ± 7.7; interquartile range, 0-14 vs 9.8 ± 9.6; interquartile range, 0-19; p = 0.25), but fewer ventilator-free days (6.6 ± 9.3; interquartile range, 1-15 vs 12.4 ± 10.7; interquartile range, 0-22; p = 0.04). The clinical ventilator-associated infection diagnosis in the ventilator-associated infection study was associated with fewer PICU-free days but no difference in mortality or ventilator-free days. CONCLUSIONS: The ventilator-associated event criteria appear to be insensitive to the clinical diagnosis of ventilator-associated infection. Differentiation between ventilator-associated condition and infection-related ventilator-associated complication was primarily determined by the clinician decision to treat with antibiotics rather than clinical signs and symptoms. The utility of the proposed pediatric ventilator-associated event criteria as a surrogate for ventilator-associated infection criteria is unclear.",
author = "{Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI) Network} and Willson, {Douglas F.} and Mark Hall and Andrew Beardsley and Michelle Hoot and Aileen Kirby and Spencer Hays and Simon Erickson and Edward Truemper and Robinder Khemani",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/PCC.0000000000001723",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "19",
pages = "e631--e636",
journal = "Pediatric Critical Care Medicine",
issn = "1529-7535",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pediatric Ventilator-Associated Events

T2 - Analysis of the Pediatric Ventilator-Associated Infection Data

AU - Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI) Network

AU - Willson, Douglas F.

AU - Hall, Mark

AU - Beardsley, Andrew

AU - Hoot, Michelle

AU - Kirby, Aileen

AU - Hays, Spencer

AU - Erickson, Simon

AU - Truemper, Edward

AU - Khemani, Robinder

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of infection applying the proposed pediatric ventilator-associated events criteria versus clinician-diagnosed ventilator-associated infection to subjects in the pediatric ventilator-associated infection study. DESIGN: Analysis of prospectively collected data from the pediatric ventilator-associated infection study. SETTING: PICUs of 47 hospitals in the United States, Canada, and Australia. PATIENTS: Two-hundred twenty-nine children ventilated for greater than 48 hours who had respiratory secretion cultures performed to evaluate for suspected ventilator-associated infection.None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Applying the proposed pediatric ventilator-associated event criteria, 15 of 229 subjects in the ventilator-associated infection study qualified as "ventilator-associated condition" and five of 229 (2%) met criteria for "infection-related ventilator-associated complication." This was compared with 89 of 229 (39%) diagnosed as clinical ventilator-associated infection (Kappa = 0.068). Ten of 15 subjects identified as ventilator-associated condition did not meet criteria for infection-related ventilator-associated complication primarily because they did not receive 4 days of antibiotics. Ventilator-associated condition subjects were similar demographically to nonventilator-associated condition subjects and had similar mortality (13% vs 10%), PICU-free days (6.9 ± 7.7; interquartile range, 0-14 vs 9.8 ± 9.6; interquartile range, 0-19; p = 0.25), but fewer ventilator-free days (6.6 ± 9.3; interquartile range, 1-15 vs 12.4 ± 10.7; interquartile range, 0-22; p = 0.04). The clinical ventilator-associated infection diagnosis in the ventilator-associated infection study was associated with fewer PICU-free days but no difference in mortality or ventilator-free days. CONCLUSIONS: The ventilator-associated event criteria appear to be insensitive to the clinical diagnosis of ventilator-associated infection. Differentiation between ventilator-associated condition and infection-related ventilator-associated complication was primarily determined by the clinician decision to treat with antibiotics rather than clinical signs and symptoms. The utility of the proposed pediatric ventilator-associated event criteria as a surrogate for ventilator-associated infection criteria is unclear.

AB - OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of infection applying the proposed pediatric ventilator-associated events criteria versus clinician-diagnosed ventilator-associated infection to subjects in the pediatric ventilator-associated infection study. DESIGN: Analysis of prospectively collected data from the pediatric ventilator-associated infection study. SETTING: PICUs of 47 hospitals in the United States, Canada, and Australia. PATIENTS: Two-hundred twenty-nine children ventilated for greater than 48 hours who had respiratory secretion cultures performed to evaluate for suspected ventilator-associated infection.None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Applying the proposed pediatric ventilator-associated event criteria, 15 of 229 subjects in the ventilator-associated infection study qualified as "ventilator-associated condition" and five of 229 (2%) met criteria for "infection-related ventilator-associated complication." This was compared with 89 of 229 (39%) diagnosed as clinical ventilator-associated infection (Kappa = 0.068). Ten of 15 subjects identified as ventilator-associated condition did not meet criteria for infection-related ventilator-associated complication primarily because they did not receive 4 days of antibiotics. Ventilator-associated condition subjects were similar demographically to nonventilator-associated condition subjects and had similar mortality (13% vs 10%), PICU-free days (6.9 ± 7.7; interquartile range, 0-14 vs 9.8 ± 9.6; interquartile range, 0-19; p = 0.25), but fewer ventilator-free days (6.6 ± 9.3; interquartile range, 1-15 vs 12.4 ± 10.7; interquartile range, 0-22; p = 0.04). The clinical ventilator-associated infection diagnosis in the ventilator-associated infection study was associated with fewer PICU-free days but no difference in mortality or ventilator-free days. CONCLUSIONS: The ventilator-associated event criteria appear to be insensitive to the clinical diagnosis of ventilator-associated infection. Differentiation between ventilator-associated condition and infection-related ventilator-associated complication was primarily determined by the clinician decision to treat with antibiotics rather than clinical signs and symptoms. The utility of the proposed pediatric ventilator-associated event criteria as a surrogate for ventilator-associated infection criteria is unclear.

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U2 - 10.1097/PCC.0000000000001723

DO - 10.1097/PCC.0000000000001723

M3 - Article

C2 - 30234739

AN - SCOPUS:85067368283

VL - 19

SP - e631-e636

JO - Pediatric Critical Care Medicine

JF - Pediatric Critical Care Medicine

SN - 1529-7535

IS - 12

ER -