Pediatric oropharyngeal trauma: What is the role of CT scan?

Scott E. Brietzke, Dwight T. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives/hypothesis: Pediatric oropharyngeal trauma (OPT) is a common injury in children with rare, but at times severe complications including carotid injury and dissection of air/micro-organisms into the deep tissues of the neck or chest. Cervical CT scan with contrast (CT angiography (CTA)) is nearly universally available and may enhance the evaluation of OPT patients by screening for these potentially devastating complications. Study design: Retrospective record review, systematic review of the literature. Methods: Twenty-three patients diagnosed with OPT from 1997 to 2003 at Boston Children's Hospital were identified by database review. Records were reviewed for site and mechanism of injury, use of diagnostic studies, management, and outcomes. Results were compared to previously published reports. The current literature was reviewed to assess the level of evidence pertaining to the evaluation of OPT patients with CT scan. An extrapolation was made to the general trauma literature to further evaluate the ability of CT angiography to detect carotid injury. Results: Demographics and mechanism of injury in the current series were unchanged from previous reports. CT demonstrated superior detection and localization of free air. Systematic review of OPT literature revealed data on the use of CT scan as evaluation tool were lacking. Extrapolations to the trauma literature strongly indicate helical CTA has high sensitivity and specificity in detecting carotid injury. Conclusions: Pediatric oropharyngeal trauma is a common injury with rare, but severe complications. The routine use of CT scan with contrast may assist in the evaluation of these patients to detect injuries that could lead to severe complications. Collection of prospective data on the ability of CT scan to detect carotid injuries is needed but may not be feasible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)669-679
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume69
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2005

Fingerprint

Pediatrics
Wounds and Injuries
Air
Spiral Computed Tomography
Dissection
Neck
Thorax
Retrospective Studies
Demography
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Databases
Sensitivity and Specificity

Keywords

  • CT angiography
  • Carotid
  • Carotid trauma
  • Computed tomography (CT)
  • Oropharynx
  • Pediatrics
  • Systematic review
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Pediatric oropharyngeal trauma : What is the role of CT scan? / Brietzke, Scott E.; Jones, Dwight T.

In: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, Vol. 69, No. 5, 05.2005, p. 669-679.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objectives/hypothesis: Pediatric oropharyngeal trauma (OPT) is a common injury in children with rare, but at times severe complications including carotid injury and dissection of air/micro-organisms into the deep tissues of the neck or chest. Cervical CT scan with contrast (CT angiography (CTA)) is nearly universally available and may enhance the evaluation of OPT patients by screening for these potentially devastating complications. Study design: Retrospective record review, systematic review of the literature. Methods: Twenty-three patients diagnosed with OPT from 1997 to 2003 at Boston Children's Hospital were identified by database review. Records were reviewed for site and mechanism of injury, use of diagnostic studies, management, and outcomes. Results were compared to previously published reports. The current literature was reviewed to assess the level of evidence pertaining to the evaluation of OPT patients with CT scan. An extrapolation was made to the general trauma literature to further evaluate the ability of CT angiography to detect carotid injury. Results: Demographics and mechanism of injury in the current series were unchanged from previous reports. CT demonstrated superior detection and localization of free air. Systematic review of OPT literature revealed data on the use of CT scan as evaluation tool were lacking. Extrapolations to the trauma literature strongly indicate helical CTA has high sensitivity and specificity in detecting carotid injury. Conclusions: Pediatric oropharyngeal trauma is a common injury with rare, but severe complications. The routine use of CT scan with contrast may assist in the evaluation of these patients to detect injuries that could lead to severe complications. Collection of prospective data on the ability of CT scan to detect carotid injuries is needed but may not be feasible.",
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