Patterns of bird-bacteria associations

Deanna M. Chung, Elise Ferree, Dawn M. Simon, Pamela J. Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Birds, with their broad geographic ranges and close association with humans, have historically played an important role as carriers of human disease and as reservoirs for drug-resistant bacteria. Here, we examine scientific literature over a 15-year timespan to identify reported avian-bacterial associations and factors that may impact zoonotic disease emergence by classifying traits of bird species and their bacteria. We find that the majority of wild birds studied were migratory, in temperate habitats, and in the order Passeriformes. The highest diversity of bacteria was found on birds in natural habitats. The most frequently reported bacteria were Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica, and Campylobacter jejuni. Of the bacteria species reported, 54% have shown pathogenicity toward humans. Percentage-wise, more pathogens were found in tropical (vs. temperate) habitats and natural (vs. suburban, urban, or agricultural) habitats. Yet, only 22% were tested for antibiotic resistance, and of those tested, 75% of bacteria species were resistant to at least one antibiotic. There were no significant patterns of antibiotic resistance in migratory versus non-migratory birds, temperate versus tropical areas, or different habitats. We discuss biases in detection and representation, and suggest a need for increased sampling in non-temperate zones and in a wider range of avian species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)627-641
Number of pages15
JournalEcoHealth
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Birds
Ecosystem
bird
Bacteria
bacterium
habitat
antibiotic resistance
Microbial Drug Resistance
Disease Reservoirs
Passeriformes
Literature
Campylobacter jejuni
Salmonella enterica
Zoonoses
pathogenicity
antibiotics
Virulence
drug
pathogen
Escherichia coli

Keywords

  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Avian
  • Literature
  • Microbial
  • Pathogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Patterns of bird-bacteria associations. / Chung, Deanna M.; Ferree, Elise; Simon, Dawn M.; Yeh, Pamela J.

In: EcoHealth, Vol. 15, No. 3, 01.01.2018, p. 627-641.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chung, DM, Ferree, E, Simon, DM & Yeh, PJ 2018, 'Patterns of bird-bacteria associations', EcoHealth, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 627-641. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10393-018-1342-5
Chung, Deanna M. ; Ferree, Elise ; Simon, Dawn M. ; Yeh, Pamela J. / Patterns of bird-bacteria associations. In: EcoHealth. 2018 ; Vol. 15, No. 3. pp. 627-641.
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