Parkinson's disease influences the structural variations present in the leg swing kinematics

Vladimir Ivkovic, Max J Kurz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations


This study investigated the nature of the structural variations found in the motor output of individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). Young (n = 21; 19.9 ± 1.3 yrs.), aged (n = 9; 74.8 ± 6.8 yrs.) and individuals with PD (n = 9; 73.4 ± 6.6 yrs.) swung their leg at a pendular frequency and frequencies that were 20% faster and slower. This study had three key findings. First, individuals with PD have greater variability in the leg swing angular kinematics and swing times. These variations appear to be related to the 0-15 Hz band of the of angular displacement power spectrum. Second, changes in the structural variations appear to not be derived from a stochastic source. Third, the magnitude of the variations and the structure of the variations are influenced by the frequency that the leg is swung. These results are consistent with the viewpoint that changes in the magnitude of the variations and the regularity of the structural variations are dependent upon health and adaptability to the task dynamics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)358-375
Number of pages18
JournalMotor Control
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 15 2011



  • Aging
  • Biomechanics
  • Complexity
  • Nonlinear
  • Variability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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