Parasites as probes for prehistoric human migrations?

Adauto Araujo, Karl J. Reinhard, Luiz Fernando Ferreira, Scott L Gardner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Host-specific parasites of humans are used to track ancient migrations. Based on archaeoparasitology, it is clear that humans entered the New World at least twice in ancient times. The archaeoparasitology of some intestinal parasites in the New World points to migration routes other than the Bering Land Bridge. Helminths have been found in mummies and coprolites in North and South America. Hookworms (Necator and Ancylostoma), whipworms (Trichuris trichiura) and other helminths require specific conditions for life-cycle completion. They could not survive in the cold climate of the northern region of the Americas. Therefore, humans would have lost some intestinal parasites while crossing Beringia. Evidence is provided here from published data of pre-Columbian sites for the peopling of the Americas through trans-oceanic or costal migrations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)112-115
Number of pages4
JournalTrends in Parasitology
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2008

Fingerprint

Human Migration
Parasites
Helminths
North America
Necator
Mummies
Ancylostoma
Cold Climate
Trichuris
Ancylostomatoidea
South America
Life Cycle Stages

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Parasites as probes for prehistoric human migrations? / Araujo, Adauto; Reinhard, Karl J.; Ferreira, Luiz Fernando; Gardner, Scott L.

In: Trends in Parasitology, Vol. 24, No. 3, 01.03.2008, p. 112-115.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Araujo, Adauto ; Reinhard, Karl J. ; Ferreira, Luiz Fernando ; Gardner, Scott L. / Parasites as probes for prehistoric human migrations?. In: Trends in Parasitology. 2008 ; Vol. 24, No. 3. pp. 112-115.
@article{0766364edd5b4fa9ac35e17f8c68ef3d,
title = "Parasites as probes for prehistoric human migrations?",
abstract = "Host-specific parasites of humans are used to track ancient migrations. Based on archaeoparasitology, it is clear that humans entered the New World at least twice in ancient times. The archaeoparasitology of some intestinal parasites in the New World points to migration routes other than the Bering Land Bridge. Helminths have been found in mummies and coprolites in North and South America. Hookworms (Necator and Ancylostoma), whipworms (Trichuris trichiura) and other helminths require specific conditions for life-cycle completion. They could not survive in the cold climate of the northern region of the Americas. Therefore, humans would have lost some intestinal parasites while crossing Beringia. Evidence is provided here from published data of pre-Columbian sites for the peopling of the Americas through trans-oceanic or costal migrations.",
author = "Adauto Araujo and Reinhard, {Karl J.} and Ferreira, {Luiz Fernando} and Gardner, {Scott L}",
year = "2008",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.pt.2007.11.007",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "24",
pages = "112--115",
journal = "Trends in Parasitology",
issn = "1471-4922",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Parasites as probes for prehistoric human migrations?

AU - Araujo, Adauto

AU - Reinhard, Karl J.

AU - Ferreira, Luiz Fernando

AU - Gardner, Scott L

PY - 2008/3/1

Y1 - 2008/3/1

N2 - Host-specific parasites of humans are used to track ancient migrations. Based on archaeoparasitology, it is clear that humans entered the New World at least twice in ancient times. The archaeoparasitology of some intestinal parasites in the New World points to migration routes other than the Bering Land Bridge. Helminths have been found in mummies and coprolites in North and South America. Hookworms (Necator and Ancylostoma), whipworms (Trichuris trichiura) and other helminths require specific conditions for life-cycle completion. They could not survive in the cold climate of the northern region of the Americas. Therefore, humans would have lost some intestinal parasites while crossing Beringia. Evidence is provided here from published data of pre-Columbian sites for the peopling of the Americas through trans-oceanic or costal migrations.

AB - Host-specific parasites of humans are used to track ancient migrations. Based on archaeoparasitology, it is clear that humans entered the New World at least twice in ancient times. The archaeoparasitology of some intestinal parasites in the New World points to migration routes other than the Bering Land Bridge. Helminths have been found in mummies and coprolites in North and South America. Hookworms (Necator and Ancylostoma), whipworms (Trichuris trichiura) and other helminths require specific conditions for life-cycle completion. They could not survive in the cold climate of the northern region of the Americas. Therefore, humans would have lost some intestinal parasites while crossing Beringia. Evidence is provided here from published data of pre-Columbian sites for the peopling of the Americas through trans-oceanic or costal migrations.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=39849095364&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=39849095364&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.pt.2007.11.007

DO - 10.1016/j.pt.2007.11.007

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 112

EP - 115

JO - Trends in Parasitology

JF - Trends in Parasitology

SN - 1471-4922

IS - 3

ER -