Paradoxical air embolus during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: an uncommon fatal complication

Nicholas W Markin, Candice R. Montzingo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Air embolism during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is a rare but potentially fatal complication. A 66-year-old man underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and remained stable until the end of the procedure, when he was found to have mottling on his right side and became hypoxic and unresponsive. Transesophageal echocardiography showed air within the left ventricle, consistent with systemic air embolism. Mortality resulted from significant cardiac and cerebral ischemia. The literature suggests that capnography is helpful in early diagnosis of air embolus, but it could not be used in this case because the patient's trachea was not intubated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-90
Number of pages4
JournalA & A case reports
Volume4
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

Fingerprint

Air Embolism
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography
Embolism
Air
Capnography
Transesophageal Echocardiography
Trachea
Brain Ischemia
Heart Ventricles
Early Diagnosis
Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Paradoxical air embolus during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography : an uncommon fatal complication. / Markin, Nicholas W; Montzingo, Candice R.

In: A & A case reports, Vol. 4, No. 7, 01.04.2015, p. 87-90.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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