Pancreas transplantation

A treatment option for insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

Jennifer Lynn Larsen, R. J. Stratta

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The success with which pancreas transplantation normalizes glucose concentration in patients with Type I diabetes mellitus has made it an important treatment option. Most pancreas transplant operations are performed in combination with a kidney transplant, and neither overall patient survival nor renal graft survical is compromised by the addition of a pancreas graft. Pancreas after kidney transplantation and isolated pancreas transplantation are performed less frequently since the pancreas graft success rate remains lower in these operations compared to combined pancreas-kidney transplantation. Pancreas transplantation improves the quality of life and stabilizes or reverses some diabetic microvascular complications, but its impact on the risk of atherosclerotic vascular disease is still unknown. The relative risks and benefits of pancreas transplantation need to be carefully assessed for each candidate through a thorough screening process, regardless of which type of graft is being considered. However, patient counseling and selection will be greatly aided by further research assessing the long-term risks and benefits of all types of pancreas transplantation. Pancreas transplantation will probably remain an important treatment option for some patients with Type I diabetes mellitus until this disease can either be successfully prevented or alternative treatment strategies are developed that provide equal glycaemic control with less or no associated immunosuppression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-146
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes and Metabolism
Volume22
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 1996

Fingerprint

Pancreas Transplantation
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Transplants
Pancreas
Kidney Transplantation
Therapeutics
Kidney
Diabetes Complications
Vascular Diseases
Immunosuppression
Patient Selection
Counseling
Quality of Life
Glucose
Survival
Research

Keywords

  • Pancreas transplant
  • Pancreas-kidney transplantation
  • Type I diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Pancreas transplantation : A treatment option for insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. / Larsen, Jennifer Lynn; Stratta, R. J.

In: Diabetes and Metabolism, Vol. 22, No. 2, 01.04.1996, p. 139-146.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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