Oxidative damage in the gastrocnemius of patients with peripheral artery disease is myofiber type selective

Panagiotis Koutakis, Dustin J. Weiss, Dimitrios Miserlis, Valerie K. Shostrom, Evlampia Papoutsi, Duy M. Ha, Lauren A. Carpenter, Rodney D McComb, George P Casale, Iraklis I Pipinos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Peripheral artery disease (PAD), a manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis that produces blockages in the arteries supplying the legs, affects approximately 5% of Americans. We have previously, demonstrated that a myopathy characterized by myofiber oxidative damage and degeneration is central to PAD pathophysiology. Objectives: In this study, we hypothesized that increased oxidative damage in the myofibers of the gastrocnemius of PAD patients is myofiber-type selective and correlates with reduced myofiber size. Methods: Needle biopsies were taken from the gastrocnemius of 53 PAD patients (28 with early PAD and 25 with advanced PAD) and 25 controls. Carbonyl groups (marker of oxidative damage), were quantified in myofibers of slide-mounted tissue, by quantitative fluorescence microscopy. Myofiber cross-sectional area was determined from sarcolemma labeled with wheat germ agglutinin. The tissues were also labeled for myosin I and II, permitting quantification of oxidative damage to and relative frequency of the different myofiber Types (Type I, Type II and mixed Type I/II myofibers). We compared PAD patients in early (N=28) vs. advanced (N=25) disease stage for selective, myofiber oxidative damage and altered morphometrics. Results: The carbonyl content of gastrocnemius myofibers was higher in PAD patients compared to control subjects, for all three myofiber types (p<0.05). In PAD patients carbonyl content was higher (p<0.05) in Type II and I/II fibers compared to Type I fibers. Furthermore, the relative frequency and cross-sectional area of Type II fibers were lower, while the relative frequencies and cross-sectional area of Type I and Type I/II fibers were higher, in PAD compared to control gastrocnemius (p<0.05). Lastly, the type II-selective oxidative damage increased and myofiber size decreased as the disease progressed from the early to advanced stage. Conclusions: Our data confirm increased myofiber oxidative damage and reduced myofiber size in PAD gastrocnemius and demonstrate that the damage is selective for type II myofibers and is worse in the most advanced stage of PAD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)921-928
Number of pages8
JournalRedox Biology
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Peripheral Arterial Disease
Fibers
Myosin Type I
Myosin Type II
Sarcolemma
Wheat Germ Agglutinins
Tissue
Needle Biopsy
Muscular Diseases
Biopsy
Fluorescence Microscopy
Fluorescence microscopy
Leg
Atherosclerosis
Needles
Arteries

Keywords

  • Carbonyl groups
  • Fontaine Stage
  • Oxidative damage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

Oxidative damage in the gastrocnemius of patients with peripheral artery disease is myofiber type selective. / Koutakis, Panagiotis; Weiss, Dustin J.; Miserlis, Dimitrios; Shostrom, Valerie K.; Papoutsi, Evlampia; Ha, Duy M.; Carpenter, Lauren A.; McComb, Rodney D; Casale, George P; Pipinos, Iraklis I.

In: Redox Biology, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2014, p. 921-928.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Koutakis, Panagiotis ; Weiss, Dustin J. ; Miserlis, Dimitrios ; Shostrom, Valerie K. ; Papoutsi, Evlampia ; Ha, Duy M. ; Carpenter, Lauren A. ; McComb, Rodney D ; Casale, George P ; Pipinos, Iraklis I. / Oxidative damage in the gastrocnemius of patients with peripheral artery disease is myofiber type selective. In: Redox Biology. 2014 ; Vol. 2, No. 1. pp. 921-928.
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abstract = "Peripheral artery disease (PAD), a manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis that produces blockages in the arteries supplying the legs, affects approximately 5{\%} of Americans. We have previously, demonstrated that a myopathy characterized by myofiber oxidative damage and degeneration is central to PAD pathophysiology. Objectives: In this study, we hypothesized that increased oxidative damage in the myofibers of the gastrocnemius of PAD patients is myofiber-type selective and correlates with reduced myofiber size. Methods: Needle biopsies were taken from the gastrocnemius of 53 PAD patients (28 with early PAD and 25 with advanced PAD) and 25 controls. Carbonyl groups (marker of oxidative damage), were quantified in myofibers of slide-mounted tissue, by quantitative fluorescence microscopy. Myofiber cross-sectional area was determined from sarcolemma labeled with wheat germ agglutinin. The tissues were also labeled for myosin I and II, permitting quantification of oxidative damage to and relative frequency of the different myofiber Types (Type I, Type II and mixed Type I/II myofibers). We compared PAD patients in early (N=28) vs. advanced (N=25) disease stage for selective, myofiber oxidative damage and altered morphometrics. Results: The carbonyl content of gastrocnemius myofibers was higher in PAD patients compared to control subjects, for all three myofiber types (p<0.05). In PAD patients carbonyl content was higher (p<0.05) in Type II and I/II fibers compared to Type I fibers. Furthermore, the relative frequency and cross-sectional area of Type II fibers were lower, while the relative frequencies and cross-sectional area of Type I and Type I/II fibers were higher, in PAD compared to control gastrocnemius (p<0.05). Lastly, the type II-selective oxidative damage increased and myofiber size decreased as the disease progressed from the early to advanced stage. Conclusions: Our data confirm increased myofiber oxidative damage and reduced myofiber size in PAD gastrocnemius and demonstrate that the damage is selective for type II myofibers and is worse in the most advanced stage of PAD.",
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AU - Miserlis, Dimitrios

AU - Shostrom, Valerie K.

AU - Papoutsi, Evlampia

AU - Ha, Duy M.

AU - Carpenter, Lauren A.

AU - McComb, Rodney D

AU - Casale, George P

AU - Pipinos, Iraklis I

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N2 - Peripheral artery disease (PAD), a manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis that produces blockages in the arteries supplying the legs, affects approximately 5% of Americans. We have previously, demonstrated that a myopathy characterized by myofiber oxidative damage and degeneration is central to PAD pathophysiology. Objectives: In this study, we hypothesized that increased oxidative damage in the myofibers of the gastrocnemius of PAD patients is myofiber-type selective and correlates with reduced myofiber size. Methods: Needle biopsies were taken from the gastrocnemius of 53 PAD patients (28 with early PAD and 25 with advanced PAD) and 25 controls. Carbonyl groups (marker of oxidative damage), were quantified in myofibers of slide-mounted tissue, by quantitative fluorescence microscopy. Myofiber cross-sectional area was determined from sarcolemma labeled with wheat germ agglutinin. The tissues were also labeled for myosin I and II, permitting quantification of oxidative damage to and relative frequency of the different myofiber Types (Type I, Type II and mixed Type I/II myofibers). We compared PAD patients in early (N=28) vs. advanced (N=25) disease stage for selective, myofiber oxidative damage and altered morphometrics. Results: The carbonyl content of gastrocnemius myofibers was higher in PAD patients compared to control subjects, for all three myofiber types (p<0.05). In PAD patients carbonyl content was higher (p<0.05) in Type II and I/II fibers compared to Type I fibers. Furthermore, the relative frequency and cross-sectional area of Type II fibers were lower, while the relative frequencies and cross-sectional area of Type I and Type I/II fibers were higher, in PAD compared to control gastrocnemius (p<0.05). Lastly, the type II-selective oxidative damage increased and myofiber size decreased as the disease progressed from the early to advanced stage. Conclusions: Our data confirm increased myofiber oxidative damage and reduced myofiber size in PAD gastrocnemius and demonstrate that the damage is selective for type II myofibers and is worse in the most advanced stage of PAD.

AB - Peripheral artery disease (PAD), a manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis that produces blockages in the arteries supplying the legs, affects approximately 5% of Americans. We have previously, demonstrated that a myopathy characterized by myofiber oxidative damage and degeneration is central to PAD pathophysiology. Objectives: In this study, we hypothesized that increased oxidative damage in the myofibers of the gastrocnemius of PAD patients is myofiber-type selective and correlates with reduced myofiber size. Methods: Needle biopsies were taken from the gastrocnemius of 53 PAD patients (28 with early PAD and 25 with advanced PAD) and 25 controls. Carbonyl groups (marker of oxidative damage), were quantified in myofibers of slide-mounted tissue, by quantitative fluorescence microscopy. Myofiber cross-sectional area was determined from sarcolemma labeled with wheat germ agglutinin. The tissues were also labeled for myosin I and II, permitting quantification of oxidative damage to and relative frequency of the different myofiber Types (Type I, Type II and mixed Type I/II myofibers). We compared PAD patients in early (N=28) vs. advanced (N=25) disease stage for selective, myofiber oxidative damage and altered morphometrics. Results: The carbonyl content of gastrocnemius myofibers was higher in PAD patients compared to control subjects, for all three myofiber types (p<0.05). In PAD patients carbonyl content was higher (p<0.05) in Type II and I/II fibers compared to Type I fibers. Furthermore, the relative frequency and cross-sectional area of Type II fibers were lower, while the relative frequencies and cross-sectional area of Type I and Type I/II fibers were higher, in PAD compared to control gastrocnemius (p<0.05). Lastly, the type II-selective oxidative damage increased and myofiber size decreased as the disease progressed from the early to advanced stage. Conclusions: Our data confirm increased myofiber oxidative damage and reduced myofiber size in PAD gastrocnemius and demonstrate that the damage is selective for type II myofibers and is worse in the most advanced stage of PAD.

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