Oro-dental and cranio-facial characteristics of osteogenesis imperfecta type V

Members of the BBD Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) type V is an ultrarare heritable bone disorder caused by the heterozygous c.-14C > T mutation in IFITM5. The oro-dental and craniofacial phenotype has not been described in detail, which we therefore undertook to evaluate in a multicenter study (Brittle Bone Disease Consortium). Fourteen individuals with OI type V (age 3–50 years; 10 females, 4 males) underwent dental and craniofacial assessment. None of the individuals had dentinogenesis imperfecta. Six of the 9 study participants (66%) for whom panoramic radiographs were obtained had at least one missing tooth (range 1–9). Class II molar occlusion was present in 8 (57%) of the 14 study participants. The facial profile was retrusive and lower face height was decreased in 8 (57%) individuals. Cephalometry, performed in three study participants, revealed a severely retrusive maxilla and mandible, and moderately to severly retroclined incisors in a 14-year old girl, a protrusive maxilla and a retrusive mandible in a 14-year old boy. Cone beam computed tomograpy scans were obtained from two study participants and demonstrated intervertebral disc calcification at the C2-C3 level in one individual. Our study observed that OI type V is associated with missing permanent teeth, especially permanent premolar, but not with dentinogenesis imperfecta. The pattern of craniofacial abnormalities in OI type V thus differs from that in other severe OI types, such as OI type III and IV, and could be described as a bimaxillary retrusive malocclusion with reduced lower face height and multiple missing teeth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEuropean Journal of Medical Genetics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Tooth
Dentinogenesis Imperfecta
Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Maxilla
Mandible
Craniofacial Abnormalities
Cephalometry
Malocclusion
Intervertebral Disc
Bicuspid
Incisor
Multicenter Studies
Type V Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Phenotype
Bone and Bones
Mutation

Keywords

  • Craniofacial
  • Dental
  • Fractures
  • IFITM5
  • Oligodontia
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

Oro-dental and cranio-facial characteristics of osteogenesis imperfecta type V. / Members of the BBD Consortium.

In: European Journal of Medical Genetics, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) type V is an ultrarare heritable bone disorder caused by the heterozygous c.-14C > T mutation in IFITM5. The oro-dental and craniofacial phenotype has not been described in detail, which we therefore undertook to evaluate in a multicenter study (Brittle Bone Disease Consortium). Fourteen individuals with OI type V (age 3–50 years; 10 females, 4 males) underwent dental and craniofacial assessment. None of the individuals had dentinogenesis imperfecta. Six of the 9 study participants (66{\%}) for whom panoramic radiographs were obtained had at least one missing tooth (range 1–9). Class II molar occlusion was present in 8 (57{\%}) of the 14 study participants. The facial profile was retrusive and lower face height was decreased in 8 (57{\%}) individuals. Cephalometry, performed in three study participants, revealed a severely retrusive maxilla and mandible, and moderately to severly retroclined incisors in a 14-year old girl, a protrusive maxilla and a retrusive mandible in a 14-year old boy. Cone beam computed tomograpy scans were obtained from two study participants and demonstrated intervertebral disc calcification at the C2-C3 level in one individual. Our study observed that OI type V is associated with missing permanent teeth, especially permanent premolar, but not with dentinogenesis imperfecta. The pattern of craniofacial abnormalities in OI type V thus differs from that in other severe OI types, such as OI type III and IV, and could be described as a bimaxillary retrusive malocclusion with reduced lower face height and multiple missing teeth.",
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AU - Hazboun, Renna

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