Orally active multi-functional antioxidants are neuroprotective in a rat model of light-induced retinal damage

James Randazzo, Zifeng Zhang, Michael Hoff, Hiroyoshi Kawada, Andrew Sachs, Yang Yuan, Neena Haider, Peter F Kador

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Progression of age-related macular degeneration has been linked to iron dysregulation and oxidative stress that induce apoptosis of neural retinal cells. Since both antioxidants and chelating agents have been reported to reduce the progression of retinal lesions associated with AMD in experimental animals, the present study evaluates the ability of multi-functional antioxidants containing functional groups that can independently chelate redox metals and quench free radicals to protect the retina against light-induced retinal degeneration, a rat model of dry atrophic AMD. Methods/Results: Proof of concept studies were conducted to evaluate the ability of 4-(5-hydroxypyrimidin-2-yl)-N,N-dimethyl-3,5-dioxopiperazine-1-sulfonamide (compound <bold>4</bold>) and 4-(5-hydroxy-4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)-N,N-dimethyl-3,5-dioxopiperazine-1-sulfonamide (compound <bold>8</bold>) to reduce retinal damage in 2-week dark adapted Wistar rats exposed to 1000 lx of light for 3 hours. Assessment of the oxidative stress markers 4- hydroxynonenal and nitrotyrosine modified proteins and Thioredoxin by ELISA and Western blots indicated that these compounds reduced the oxidative insult caused by light exposure. The beneficial antioxidant effects of these compounds in providing significant functional and structural protection were confirmed by electroretinography and quantitative histology of the retina. Conclusions/Significance: The present study suggests that multi-functional compounds may be effective candidates for preventive therapy of AMD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere21926
JournalPloS one
Volume6
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 19 2011

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diketopiperazines
Rats
Oxidative stress
sulfonamides
Antioxidants
animal models
Sulfonamides
retina
antioxidants
Light
Retina
Oxidative Stress
oxidative stress
Electroretinography
electroretinography
Retinal Degeneration
Thioredoxins
Histology
Macular Degeneration
chelates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Orally active multi-functional antioxidants are neuroprotective in a rat model of light-induced retinal damage. / Randazzo, James; Zhang, Zifeng; Hoff, Michael; Kawada, Hiroyoshi; Sachs, Andrew; Yuan, Yang; Haider, Neena; Kador, Peter F.

In: PloS one, Vol. 6, No. 7, e21926, 19.07.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Randazzo, James ; Zhang, Zifeng ; Hoff, Michael ; Kawada, Hiroyoshi ; Sachs, Andrew ; Yuan, Yang ; Haider, Neena ; Kador, Peter F. / Orally active multi-functional antioxidants are neuroprotective in a rat model of light-induced retinal damage. In: PloS one. 2011 ; Vol. 6, No. 7.
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