Optimizing the solution conditions to solve the structure of the connexin43 carboxyl terminus attached to the 4th transmembrane domain in detergent micelles

Rosslyn Grosely, Fabien Kieken, Paul L Sorgen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

pH-mediated gating of Cx43 channels following an ischemic event is believed to contribute to the development of lethal cardiac arrhythmias. Studies using a soluble version of the Cx43 carboxyl-terminal domain (Cx43CT; S255I382) have established the central role it plays in channel regulation; however, research in the authors' laboratory suggests that this construct may not be the ideal model system. Therefore, we have developed a more 'native-like' construct (Cx43CT attached to the 4th transmembrane domain [TM4-Cx43CT; G178I382]) than the soluble Cx43CT to further investigate the mechanism(s) governing this regulation. Here, we utilize circular dichroism and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) were used to validate the TM4-Cx43CT for studying channel gating and optimize solution conditions for structural studies. The data indicate that, unlike the soluble Cx43CT, the TM4-Cx43CT is structurally responsive to changes in pH, suggesting the presence of the TM4 facilitates pH-induced structural alterations. Additionally, the optimal solution conditions for solving the NMR solution structure include 10% 2,2,2 trifluoroethanol and removal of the 2 nd extracellular loop (G178-V196).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-33
Number of pages11
JournalCell Communication and Adhesion
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Fingerprint

Connexin 43
Micelles
Detergents
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Trifluoroethanol
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Circular Dichroism
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Research

Keywords

  • Cx43
  • Detergent micelles
  • NMR
  • TFE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "pH-mediated gating of Cx43 channels following an ischemic event is believed to contribute to the development of lethal cardiac arrhythmias. Studies using a soluble version of the Cx43 carboxyl-terminal domain (Cx43CT; S255I382) have established the central role it plays in channel regulation; however, research in the authors' laboratory suggests that this construct may not be the ideal model system. Therefore, we have developed a more 'native-like' construct (Cx43CT attached to the 4th transmembrane domain [TM4-Cx43CT; G178I382]) than the soluble Cx43CT to further investigate the mechanism(s) governing this regulation. Here, we utilize circular dichroism and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) were used to validate the TM4-Cx43CT for studying channel gating and optimize solution conditions for structural studies. The data indicate that, unlike the soluble Cx43CT, the TM4-Cx43CT is structurally responsive to changes in pH, suggesting the presence of the TM4 facilitates pH-induced structural alterations. Additionally, the optimal solution conditions for solving the NMR solution structure include 10{\%} 2,2,2 trifluoroethanol and removal of the 2 nd extracellular loop (G178-V196).",
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N2 - pH-mediated gating of Cx43 channels following an ischemic event is believed to contribute to the development of lethal cardiac arrhythmias. Studies using a soluble version of the Cx43 carboxyl-terminal domain (Cx43CT; S255I382) have established the central role it plays in channel regulation; however, research in the authors' laboratory suggests that this construct may not be the ideal model system. Therefore, we have developed a more 'native-like' construct (Cx43CT attached to the 4th transmembrane domain [TM4-Cx43CT; G178I382]) than the soluble Cx43CT to further investigate the mechanism(s) governing this regulation. Here, we utilize circular dichroism and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) were used to validate the TM4-Cx43CT for studying channel gating and optimize solution conditions for structural studies. The data indicate that, unlike the soluble Cx43CT, the TM4-Cx43CT is structurally responsive to changes in pH, suggesting the presence of the TM4 facilitates pH-induced structural alterations. Additionally, the optimal solution conditions for solving the NMR solution structure include 10% 2,2,2 trifluoroethanol and removal of the 2 nd extracellular loop (G178-V196).

AB - pH-mediated gating of Cx43 channels following an ischemic event is believed to contribute to the development of lethal cardiac arrhythmias. Studies using a soluble version of the Cx43 carboxyl-terminal domain (Cx43CT; S255I382) have established the central role it plays in channel regulation; however, research in the authors' laboratory suggests that this construct may not be the ideal model system. Therefore, we have developed a more 'native-like' construct (Cx43CT attached to the 4th transmembrane domain [TM4-Cx43CT; G178I382]) than the soluble Cx43CT to further investigate the mechanism(s) governing this regulation. Here, we utilize circular dichroism and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) were used to validate the TM4-Cx43CT for studying channel gating and optimize solution conditions for structural studies. The data indicate that, unlike the soluble Cx43CT, the TM4-Cx43CT is structurally responsive to changes in pH, suggesting the presence of the TM4 facilitates pH-induced structural alterations. Additionally, the optimal solution conditions for solving the NMR solution structure include 10% 2,2,2 trifluoroethanol and removal of the 2 nd extracellular loop (G178-V196).

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