Operational, water quality and temporal factors affecting impingement of fish and shellfish at a Texas coastal power plant

Mark A. Shepherd, Andrew Labay, Patrick J Shea, Risto Rautiainen, Chandran Achutan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Barney M. Davis Power Plant in Corpus Christi, Texas, withdraws large quantities of water from the Laguna Madre for non-contact cooling. As a result, fish and shellfish may be harmed when impinged against screens intended to remove debris and wrack (floating sea grass). To reduce impingement it is important to understand related factors and their interrelationships. Several operational, water quality, and temporal factors were correlated with the total number of impinged organisms when the plant is pumping water. In this study, operational factors included hourly average flow and the number of screens in operation during sampling. Water quality factors included temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, conductivity and salinity. Temporal factors included month and time of day of impingement sampling. Over the course of a year, fish and shellfish impinged on Passavant traveling drum screens were collected, classified, and counted. Multiple regression analyses were conducted and the number of organisms impinged was the response variable. Total impingement was most associated with dissolved oxygen concentration, sampling month and sampling time. For fish, sampling month and dissolved oxygen were most associated with impingement, while for shellfish, sampling month and sampling time were most important. Hourly flow and number of operating screens were not significant predictors of impingement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-57
Number of pages10
JournalGlobal Ecology and Conservation
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

power plants
shellfish
power plant
water quality
sampling
fish
dissolved oxygen
Sciaenidae
water quantity
organisms
seagrass
multiple regression
pumping
conductivity
cooling
salinity
grasses
water
temperature

Keywords

  • Coastal power plants
  • Environmental factors
  • Marine fish impingement
  • Seasonal populations
  • Temporal factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

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title = "Operational, water quality and temporal factors affecting impingement of fish and shellfish at a Texas coastal power plant",
abstract = "The Barney M. Davis Power Plant in Corpus Christi, Texas, withdraws large quantities of water from the Laguna Madre for non-contact cooling. As a result, fish and shellfish may be harmed when impinged against screens intended to remove debris and wrack (floating sea grass). To reduce impingement it is important to understand related factors and their interrelationships. Several operational, water quality, and temporal factors were correlated with the total number of impinged organisms when the plant is pumping water. In this study, operational factors included hourly average flow and the number of screens in operation during sampling. Water quality factors included temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, conductivity and salinity. Temporal factors included month and time of day of impingement sampling. Over the course of a year, fish and shellfish impinged on Passavant traveling drum screens were collected, classified, and counted. Multiple regression analyses were conducted and the number of organisms impinged was the response variable. Total impingement was most associated with dissolved oxygen concentration, sampling month and sampling time. For fish, sampling month and dissolved oxygen were most associated with impingement, while for shellfish, sampling month and sampling time were most important. Hourly flow and number of operating screens were not significant predictors of impingement.",
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T1 - Operational, water quality and temporal factors affecting impingement of fish and shellfish at a Texas coastal power plant

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AU - Labay, Andrew

AU - Shea, Patrick J

AU - Rautiainen, Risto

AU - Achutan, Chandran

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N2 - The Barney M. Davis Power Plant in Corpus Christi, Texas, withdraws large quantities of water from the Laguna Madre for non-contact cooling. As a result, fish and shellfish may be harmed when impinged against screens intended to remove debris and wrack (floating sea grass). To reduce impingement it is important to understand related factors and their interrelationships. Several operational, water quality, and temporal factors were correlated with the total number of impinged organisms when the plant is pumping water. In this study, operational factors included hourly average flow and the number of screens in operation during sampling. Water quality factors included temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, conductivity and salinity. Temporal factors included month and time of day of impingement sampling. Over the course of a year, fish and shellfish impinged on Passavant traveling drum screens were collected, classified, and counted. Multiple regression analyses were conducted and the number of organisms impinged was the response variable. Total impingement was most associated with dissolved oxygen concentration, sampling month and sampling time. For fish, sampling month and dissolved oxygen were most associated with impingement, while for shellfish, sampling month and sampling time were most important. Hourly flow and number of operating screens were not significant predictors of impingement.

AB - The Barney M. Davis Power Plant in Corpus Christi, Texas, withdraws large quantities of water from the Laguna Madre for non-contact cooling. As a result, fish and shellfish may be harmed when impinged against screens intended to remove debris and wrack (floating sea grass). To reduce impingement it is important to understand related factors and their interrelationships. Several operational, water quality, and temporal factors were correlated with the total number of impinged organisms when the plant is pumping water. In this study, operational factors included hourly average flow and the number of screens in operation during sampling. Water quality factors included temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, conductivity and salinity. Temporal factors included month and time of day of impingement sampling. Over the course of a year, fish and shellfish impinged on Passavant traveling drum screens were collected, classified, and counted. Multiple regression analyses were conducted and the number of organisms impinged was the response variable. Total impingement was most associated with dissolved oxygen concentration, sampling month and sampling time. For fish, sampling month and dissolved oxygen were most associated with impingement, while for shellfish, sampling month and sampling time were most important. Hourly flow and number of operating screens were not significant predictors of impingement.

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