On the relative contributions of noncontingent reinforcement and escape extinction in the treatment of food refusal

Gregory K. Reed, Cathleen C Piazza, Meeta R. Patel, Stacy A. Layer, Melanie H. Bachmeyer, Stephanie D. Bethke, Katharine A. Gutshall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the current investigation, we evaluated the relative effects of noncontingent reinforcement (NCR), escape extinction, and a combination of NCR and escape extinction as treatment for the feeding problems exhibited by 4 children. For each participant, consumption increased only when escape extinction was implemented, independent of whether NCR was present or absent. These results were consistent with prior research suggesting that positive reinforcement alone is insufficient for increasing consumption, and that escape extinction often is necessary to increase and maintain food acceptance. However, NCR appeared to decrease inappropriate behavior for some participants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-42
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

Fingerprint

Treatment Refusal
reinforcement
food
Food
acceptance
Psychological Extinction
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Reinforcement
Extinction
Research

Keywords

  • Escape extinction
  • Food refusal
  • Negative reinforcement
  • Noncontingent reinforcement
  • Pediatric feeding disorders
  • Positive reinforcement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Philosophy

Cite this

On the relative contributions of noncontingent reinforcement and escape extinction in the treatment of food refusal. / Reed, Gregory K.; Piazza, Cathleen C; Patel, Meeta R.; Layer, Stacy A.; Bachmeyer, Melanie H.; Bethke, Stephanie D.; Gutshall, Katharine A.

In: Journal of applied behavior analysis, Vol. 37, No. 1, 01.01.2004, p. 27-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reed, Gregory K. ; Piazza, Cathleen C ; Patel, Meeta R. ; Layer, Stacy A. ; Bachmeyer, Melanie H. ; Bethke, Stephanie D. ; Gutshall, Katharine A. / On the relative contributions of noncontingent reinforcement and escape extinction in the treatment of food refusal. In: Journal of applied behavior analysis. 2004 ; Vol. 37, No. 1. pp. 27-42.
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