On the relation of mands and the function of destructive behavior

Lynn G. Bowman, Wayne W. Fisher, Rachel H. Thompson, Cathleen C. Piazza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

When standard analogue functional analysis procedures produce inconclusive results in children with conversational speech, the child's mands may help to identify the function of destructive behavior. In the current investigation, functional analyses conducted with 2 children who exhibited self-injury, aggression, and property destruction were undifferentiated across conditions. Based on informal observations and school and parental report, an analysis was conducted using mands to help determine the function of the destructive behavior. Using a multielement design, the therapist's compliance with the child's mands occurred either on a fixed-ratio (FR) 1 schedule or contingent on destructive behavior. Destructive behavior occurred at high and consistent levels when reinforcement of mands was contingent on destructive behavior and at near-zero levels when reinforcement of mands occurred on the FR 1 schedule. Based on these results, a second analysis was conducted in which compliance to mands occurred only when the child appropriately requested it (i.e., functional communication training plus extinction) and, for 1 child, compliance with mands was terminated contingent upon destructive behavior (i.e., functional communication training plus response cost). For both children, the rates of destructive behavior decreased markedly. The results suggest that assessing the child's mands may be useful in decreasing destructive behavior when a functional analysis is inconclusive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-265
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

Fingerprint

functional analysis
reinforcement
Appointments and Schedules
Communication
analysis procedure
communication
Aggression
therapist
aggression
Costs and Cost Analysis
Wounds and Injuries
costs
school
Contingent
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Communication Training
Functional Communication
Reinforcement
Functional Analysis
Psychological Extinction

Keywords

  • Behavioral assessment
  • Developmental disabilities
  • Functional analysis
  • Mands
  • Verbal behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

On the relation of mands and the function of destructive behavior. / Bowman, Lynn G.; Fisher, Wayne W.; Thompson, Rachel H.; Piazza, Cathleen C.

In: Journal of applied behavior analysis, Vol. 30, No. 2, 01.01.1997, p. 251-265.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{5c76802e3a8a49f09dc1e0bc511fb78a,
title = "On the relation of mands and the function of destructive behavior",
abstract = "When standard analogue functional analysis procedures produce inconclusive results in children with conversational speech, the child's mands may help to identify the function of destructive behavior. In the current investigation, functional analyses conducted with 2 children who exhibited self-injury, aggression, and property destruction were undifferentiated across conditions. Based on informal observations and school and parental report, an analysis was conducted using mands to help determine the function of the destructive behavior. Using a multielement design, the therapist's compliance with the child's mands occurred either on a fixed-ratio (FR) 1 schedule or contingent on destructive behavior. Destructive behavior occurred at high and consistent levels when reinforcement of mands was contingent on destructive behavior and at near-zero levels when reinforcement of mands occurred on the FR 1 schedule. Based on these results, a second analysis was conducted in which compliance to mands occurred only when the child appropriately requested it (i.e., functional communication training plus extinction) and, for 1 child, compliance with mands was terminated contingent upon destructive behavior (i.e., functional communication training plus response cost). For both children, the rates of destructive behavior decreased markedly. The results suggest that assessing the child's mands may be useful in decreasing destructive behavior when a functional analysis is inconclusive.",
keywords = "Behavioral assessment, Developmental disabilities, Functional analysis, Mands, Verbal behavior",
author = "Bowman, {Lynn G.} and Fisher, {Wayne W.} and Thompson, {Rachel H.} and Piazza, {Cathleen C.}",
year = "1997",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1901/jaba.1997.30-251",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "30",
pages = "251--265",
journal = "Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis",
issn = "0021-8855",
publisher = "Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - On the relation of mands and the function of destructive behavior

AU - Bowman, Lynn G.

AU - Fisher, Wayne W.

AU - Thompson, Rachel H.

AU - Piazza, Cathleen C.

PY - 1997/1/1

Y1 - 1997/1/1

N2 - When standard analogue functional analysis procedures produce inconclusive results in children with conversational speech, the child's mands may help to identify the function of destructive behavior. In the current investigation, functional analyses conducted with 2 children who exhibited self-injury, aggression, and property destruction were undifferentiated across conditions. Based on informal observations and school and parental report, an analysis was conducted using mands to help determine the function of the destructive behavior. Using a multielement design, the therapist's compliance with the child's mands occurred either on a fixed-ratio (FR) 1 schedule or contingent on destructive behavior. Destructive behavior occurred at high and consistent levels when reinforcement of mands was contingent on destructive behavior and at near-zero levels when reinforcement of mands occurred on the FR 1 schedule. Based on these results, a second analysis was conducted in which compliance to mands occurred only when the child appropriately requested it (i.e., functional communication training plus extinction) and, for 1 child, compliance with mands was terminated contingent upon destructive behavior (i.e., functional communication training plus response cost). For both children, the rates of destructive behavior decreased markedly. The results suggest that assessing the child's mands may be useful in decreasing destructive behavior when a functional analysis is inconclusive.

AB - When standard analogue functional analysis procedures produce inconclusive results in children with conversational speech, the child's mands may help to identify the function of destructive behavior. In the current investigation, functional analyses conducted with 2 children who exhibited self-injury, aggression, and property destruction were undifferentiated across conditions. Based on informal observations and school and parental report, an analysis was conducted using mands to help determine the function of the destructive behavior. Using a multielement design, the therapist's compliance with the child's mands occurred either on a fixed-ratio (FR) 1 schedule or contingent on destructive behavior. Destructive behavior occurred at high and consistent levels when reinforcement of mands was contingent on destructive behavior and at near-zero levels when reinforcement of mands occurred on the FR 1 schedule. Based on these results, a second analysis was conducted in which compliance to mands occurred only when the child appropriately requested it (i.e., functional communication training plus extinction) and, for 1 child, compliance with mands was terminated contingent upon destructive behavior (i.e., functional communication training plus response cost). For both children, the rates of destructive behavior decreased markedly. The results suggest that assessing the child's mands may be useful in decreasing destructive behavior when a functional analysis is inconclusive.

KW - Behavioral assessment

KW - Developmental disabilities

KW - Functional analysis

KW - Mands

KW - Verbal behavior

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031158480&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031158480&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1901/jaba.1997.30-251

DO - 10.1901/jaba.1997.30-251

M3 - Article

C2 - 9210305

AN - SCOPUS:0031158480

VL - 30

SP - 251

EP - 265

JO - Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis

JF - Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis

SN - 0021-8855

IS - 2

ER -