Occupational variations in obesity, smoking, heavy drinking, and non-adherence to physical activity recommendations: Findings from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey

Raees A. Shaikh, Asia Sikora, Mohammad Siahpush, Gopal K. Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Understanding occupational variations in health risks is necessary to identify high risk groups. We examined the recent prevalence of obesity, heavy alcohol consumption, smoking, and leisure time physical activity (PA) across occupations. Methods: Data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey were used. Analysis was limited to adults, 18 and older who had a job or business the week before the interview (n=14,754). Adjusted prevalences of outcomes across occupations were calculated using logistic regression. Results: The highest prevalence of obesity was within community and social services and morbid obesity was in computer and mathematical occupations. That of smoking was highest in healthcare support, heavy drinking in food preparation and serving related, and non-adherence to PA recommendations in the farming, fishing, and forestry occupations. Conclusion: Important health risk factors vary across occupations. Worksite and public health interventions need to be designed and modified to address such occupational health disparities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-87
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

Health Surveys
Occupations
Drinking
Obesity
Smoking
Interviews
Forestry
Morbid Obesity
Social Welfare
Leisure Activities
Health
Occupational Health
Agriculture
Social Work
Workplace
Alcohol Drinking
Public Health
Logistic Models
Delivery of Health Care
Food

Keywords

  • Drinking
  • Obesity
  • Occupation
  • Physical-activity
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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abstract = "Background: Understanding occupational variations in health risks is necessary to identify high risk groups. We examined the recent prevalence of obesity, heavy alcohol consumption, smoking, and leisure time physical activity (PA) across occupations. Methods: Data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey were used. Analysis was limited to adults, 18 and older who had a job or business the week before the interview (n=14,754). Adjusted prevalences of outcomes across occupations were calculated using logistic regression. Results: The highest prevalence of obesity was within community and social services and morbid obesity was in computer and mathematical occupations. That of smoking was highest in healthcare support, heavy drinking in food preparation and serving related, and non-adherence to PA recommendations in the farming, fishing, and forestry occupations. Conclusion: Important health risk factors vary across occupations. Worksite and public health interventions need to be designed and modified to address such occupational health disparities.",
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AU - Shaikh, Raees A.

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AU - Siahpush, Mohammad

AU - Singh, Gopal K.

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N2 - Background: Understanding occupational variations in health risks is necessary to identify high risk groups. We examined the recent prevalence of obesity, heavy alcohol consumption, smoking, and leisure time physical activity (PA) across occupations. Methods: Data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey were used. Analysis was limited to adults, 18 and older who had a job or business the week before the interview (n=14,754). Adjusted prevalences of outcomes across occupations were calculated using logistic regression. Results: The highest prevalence of obesity was within community and social services and morbid obesity was in computer and mathematical occupations. That of smoking was highest in healthcare support, heavy drinking in food preparation and serving related, and non-adherence to PA recommendations in the farming, fishing, and forestry occupations. Conclusion: Important health risk factors vary across occupations. Worksite and public health interventions need to be designed and modified to address such occupational health disparities.

AB - Background: Understanding occupational variations in health risks is necessary to identify high risk groups. We examined the recent prevalence of obesity, heavy alcohol consumption, smoking, and leisure time physical activity (PA) across occupations. Methods: Data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey were used. Analysis was limited to adults, 18 and older who had a job or business the week before the interview (n=14,754). Adjusted prevalences of outcomes across occupations were calculated using logistic regression. Results: The highest prevalence of obesity was within community and social services and morbid obesity was in computer and mathematical occupations. That of smoking was highest in healthcare support, heavy drinking in food preparation and serving related, and non-adherence to PA recommendations in the farming, fishing, and forestry occupations. Conclusion: Important health risk factors vary across occupations. Worksite and public health interventions need to be designed and modified to address such occupational health disparities.

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