Occipital lobe vascular malformations: Prevalence of visual field deficits and prognosis after therapeutic intervention

J. Bartolomei, D. A. Wecht, J. Chaloupka, P. Fayad, I. A. Awad

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of visual field (VF) deficits in association with vascular malformations of the occipital lobe is not known, and the prognosis of the VF after therapeutic intervention has not been systematically documented. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical records of 23 consecutive patients who were managed at a single institution during a 3- year period with intracranial vascular malformations extending within the anatomic borders of the occipital lobe. Lesion location and treatment rendered were Correlated with formal VF testing performed before and after therapeutic intervention. RESULTS: Twenty-one of the 23 patients underwent treatment of their lesions. Treatment included resection after preoperative embolization (12 patients), resection alone (2 patients with arteriovenous malformations and 3 patients with cavernous malformations), and stereotactic radiosurgery (4 patients; preceded by embolization in 3 of the 4). One patient was followed expectantly, and another died as a result of hemorrhage soon after undergoing endovascular embolization. The VFs were assessed before and after therapeutic intervention (follow-up assessment, 2-29 mo). New VF deficits or worsening of preexisting VF deficits were documented in 5 of the 21 treated patients (24%), but only 2 of these patients (9.5%) had persistent deficits at the time of their follow-up examinations. Among the 10 patients with pretreatment VF deficits, 5 improved and the other 5 were unchanged after treatment. CONCLUSION: Patients with occipital lobe vascular malformations frequently present with associated VF deficits. Surgical resection or stereotactic radiosurgery (with or without previous embolization) of these lesions can be performed with little risk of causing new VF deficits or worsening of preexisting ones. Many VF deficits can be expected to improve or resolve after therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-421
Number of pages7
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

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Keywords

  • Outcome
  • Therapy
  • Vascular malformations
  • Visual Fields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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