Object and action naming in children with specific language impairment

Li Sheng, Karla McGregor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: In this study, the authors aimed to examine the accuracy, latency, and errors of noun (object) and verb (action) naming in children with and without specific language impairment (SLI) and to determine whether children with SLI have a particularly large noun-verb performance gap. Method: Children with SLI, age-matched peers (AM), and expressive vocabulary- matched peers (VM) named 120 matched object and action pictures in a computerized confrontation naming task. Results: The SLI and VM groups demonstrated comparable naming latency and accuracy; both were slower and less accurate than the AM group. Object naming was more accurate than action naming in the SLI and VM groups; their noun-verb performance gaps were comparable. Object naming was faster than action naming in all children. In comparison with the AM group, the SLI group made proportionally fewer taxonomic errors and more omission errors when naming objects, and fewer misperception errors when naming actions. Conclusions: The naming abilities of children with SLI, although deficient given their chronological age, are commensurate with their vocabulary level. Their naming errors suggest immaturities in semantic representation. Action naming is significantly more difficult than object naming, but the noun-verb gap that characterizes the performance of children with SLI is appropriate for their vocabulary level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1704-1719
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume53
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

Fingerprint

Language
Vocabulary
Peer Group
peer group
vocabulary
language
Research Design
performance
Aptitude
Naming
Specific Language Impairment
Semantics
semantics
Object Naming
Nouns
ability
Verbs
Group

Keywords

  • Actions
  • Naming
  • Nouns
  • Objects
  • Specific language impairment
  • Verbs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Object and action naming in children with specific language impairment. / Sheng, Li; McGregor, Karla.

In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, Vol. 53, No. 6, 01.12.2010, p. 1704-1719.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ceb2e7c4235043898ff460fe61a5b99d,
title = "Object and action naming in children with specific language impairment",
abstract = "Purpose: In this study, the authors aimed to examine the accuracy, latency, and errors of noun (object) and verb (action) naming in children with and without specific language impairment (SLI) and to determine whether children with SLI have a particularly large noun-verb performance gap. Method: Children with SLI, age-matched peers (AM), and expressive vocabulary- matched peers (VM) named 120 matched object and action pictures in a computerized confrontation naming task. Results: The SLI and VM groups demonstrated comparable naming latency and accuracy; both were slower and less accurate than the AM group. Object naming was more accurate than action naming in the SLI and VM groups; their noun-verb performance gaps were comparable. Object naming was faster than action naming in all children. In comparison with the AM group, the SLI group made proportionally fewer taxonomic errors and more omission errors when naming objects, and fewer misperception errors when naming actions. Conclusions: The naming abilities of children with SLI, although deficient given their chronological age, are commensurate with their vocabulary level. Their naming errors suggest immaturities in semantic representation. Action naming is significantly more difficult than object naming, but the noun-verb gap that characterizes the performance of children with SLI is appropriate for their vocabulary level.",
keywords = "Actions, Naming, Nouns, Objects, Specific language impairment, Verbs",
author = "Li Sheng and Karla McGregor",
year = "2010",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1044/1092-4388(2010/09-0180)",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "53",
pages = "1704--1719",
journal = "Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research",
issn = "1092-4388",
publisher = "American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Object and action naming in children with specific language impairment

AU - Sheng, Li

AU - McGregor, Karla

PY - 2010/12/1

Y1 - 2010/12/1

N2 - Purpose: In this study, the authors aimed to examine the accuracy, latency, and errors of noun (object) and verb (action) naming in children with and without specific language impairment (SLI) and to determine whether children with SLI have a particularly large noun-verb performance gap. Method: Children with SLI, age-matched peers (AM), and expressive vocabulary- matched peers (VM) named 120 matched object and action pictures in a computerized confrontation naming task. Results: The SLI and VM groups demonstrated comparable naming latency and accuracy; both were slower and less accurate than the AM group. Object naming was more accurate than action naming in the SLI and VM groups; their noun-verb performance gaps were comparable. Object naming was faster than action naming in all children. In comparison with the AM group, the SLI group made proportionally fewer taxonomic errors and more omission errors when naming objects, and fewer misperception errors when naming actions. Conclusions: The naming abilities of children with SLI, although deficient given their chronological age, are commensurate with their vocabulary level. Their naming errors suggest immaturities in semantic representation. Action naming is significantly more difficult than object naming, but the noun-verb gap that characterizes the performance of children with SLI is appropriate for their vocabulary level.

AB - Purpose: In this study, the authors aimed to examine the accuracy, latency, and errors of noun (object) and verb (action) naming in children with and without specific language impairment (SLI) and to determine whether children with SLI have a particularly large noun-verb performance gap. Method: Children with SLI, age-matched peers (AM), and expressive vocabulary- matched peers (VM) named 120 matched object and action pictures in a computerized confrontation naming task. Results: The SLI and VM groups demonstrated comparable naming latency and accuracy; both were slower and less accurate than the AM group. Object naming was more accurate than action naming in the SLI and VM groups; their noun-verb performance gaps were comparable. Object naming was faster than action naming in all children. In comparison with the AM group, the SLI group made proportionally fewer taxonomic errors and more omission errors when naming objects, and fewer misperception errors when naming actions. Conclusions: The naming abilities of children with SLI, although deficient given their chronological age, are commensurate with their vocabulary level. Their naming errors suggest immaturities in semantic representation. Action naming is significantly more difficult than object naming, but the noun-verb gap that characterizes the performance of children with SLI is appropriate for their vocabulary level.

KW - Actions

KW - Naming

KW - Nouns

KW - Objects

KW - Specific language impairment

KW - Verbs

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78650462674&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78650462674&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1044/1092-4388(2010/09-0180)

DO - 10.1044/1092-4388(2010/09-0180)

M3 - Article

VL - 53

SP - 1704

EP - 1719

JO - Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research

JF - Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research

SN - 1092-4388

IS - 6

ER -