Nutrient transport in runoff from feedlots as affected by wet distillers grain diet

J. E. Gilley, J. R. Vogel, R. A. Eigenberg, D. B. Marx, B. L. Woodbury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Distillers byproducts can serve as valuable sources of protein and energy for beef cattle. However, the water quality effects of the use of distillers byproducts in cattle rations are not well understood. The objectives of this study were to: (1) measure soil properties and nutrient transport in runoff from feedlot surfaces as affected by corn-based and wet distillers grain diets, (2) compare the effects of unconsolidated surface materials and consolidated subsurface materials on feedlot soil characteristics and runoff nutrient transport, (3) determine if runoff nutrient transport from feedlot surfaces is correlated to selected feedlot soil properties, and (4) identify the effects of varying runoff rate on nutrient transport. Simulated rainfall events were applied to 0.75 m wide by 2 m long plots. Concentrations of calcium, copper, loss on ignition, magnesium, organic-N, potassium, total N (TN), and zinc in the feedlot soil materials were significantly greater within the pens where cattle were fed a corn-based diet rather than a diet with distillers grain. The pens where cattle were fed distillers grain contained significantly greater amounts of Bray-1 P. Surface condition did not significantly affect any of the measured feedlot soil properties except potassium content. No significant differences in measured runoff water quality parameters were found between the corn-based and wet distillers grain treatments. Runoff measurements of NH 4-N, TN, NO 3-N, total dissolved solids, and electrical conductivity were each significantly correlated to seven or more feedlot soil parameters. Each of the measured water quality parameters were significantly influenced by runoff rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)545-552
Number of pages8
JournalTransactions of the ASABE
Volume53
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2010

Fingerprint

nutrient transport
distillers grains
Nutrition
Runoff
feedlots
Nutrients
runoff
Soil
diet
Diet
Food
nutrient
Water Quality
Soils
Zea mays
Water quality
cattle
soil properties
soil property
water quality

Keywords

  • Beef cattle
  • Feedlots
  • Manure management
  • Manure runoff
  • Nitrogen movement
  • Nutrient losses
  • Phosphorus
  • Runoff
  • Water quality
  • Water quality management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Food Science
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science

Cite this

Gilley, J. E., Vogel, J. R., Eigenberg, R. A., Marx, D. B., & Woodbury, B. L. (2010). Nutrient transport in runoff from feedlots as affected by wet distillers grain diet. Transactions of the ASABE, 53(2), 545-552.

Nutrient transport in runoff from feedlots as affected by wet distillers grain diet. / Gilley, J. E.; Vogel, J. R.; Eigenberg, R. A.; Marx, D. B.; Woodbury, B. L.

In: Transactions of the ASABE, Vol. 53, No. 2, 01.03.2010, p. 545-552.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gilley, JE, Vogel, JR, Eigenberg, RA, Marx, DB & Woodbury, BL 2010, 'Nutrient transport in runoff from feedlots as affected by wet distillers grain diet', Transactions of the ASABE, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 545-552.
Gilley JE, Vogel JR, Eigenberg RA, Marx DB, Woodbury BL. Nutrient transport in runoff from feedlots as affected by wet distillers grain diet. Transactions of the ASABE. 2010 Mar 1;53(2):545-552.
Gilley, J. E. ; Vogel, J. R. ; Eigenberg, R. A. ; Marx, D. B. ; Woodbury, B. L. / Nutrient transport in runoff from feedlots as affected by wet distillers grain diet. In: Transactions of the ASABE. 2010 ; Vol. 53, No. 2. pp. 545-552.
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