Nutrient and chemical properties of aging golf course putting greens as impacted by soil depth and mat development

Ty A. McClellan, Roch E. Gaussoin, Robert C. Shearman, Charles S. Wortmann, Martha Mamo, Garald L. Horst, David B. Marx

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nutrient and chemical changes in turfgrass sand-based root zones are not well understood. This study was conducted to characterize nutrient and chemical properties in putting greens influenced by root zone mixture and establishment treatment, putting green age, and soil depth. Putting greens were constructed and established with Agrostis stolonifera L. in sequential years from 1997 to 2000. Treatments included root zone mixtures of 80:20 (v:v) sand and sphagnum peat and 80:15:5 (v:v:v) sand, sphagnum peat, and soil, and accelerated versus controlled establishment. In the establishment year, the accelerated treatment received 2.6-, 3.0-, and 2.6-fold more nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, respectively, than the controlled treatment. Soil samples were taken in Fall 2001, Spring 2004, and Summer 2004 and were analyzed for nutrient and chemical properties such as pH, cation exchange capacity (CEC), organic matter (OM), total soluble salts (TSS), and 12 nutrients. The root zone mixture and establishment treatments had minimal effects on most nutrient and chemical properties with the exception of phosphorus and pH. Cation exchange capacity, OM, TSS, and all nutrients decreased with soil depth, whereas soil pH increased. The putting green age × soil depth interaction was significant for many of the nutrient and chemical properties, but separating soil samples into mat and original root zone instead of predetermined soil sampling depths eliminated most of these interactions. The mat layer had higher CEC and OM values and nutrient concentrations and lower pH values than the original root zone mixture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)452-458
Number of pages7
JournalHortScience
Volume44
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009

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golf courses
soil depth
physicochemical properties
rhizosphere
nutrients
cation exchange capacity
soil organic matter
soil sampling
Sphagnum
sand
peat
salts
age of soil
phosphorus
Agrostis stolonifera
turf grasses
soil pH
nutrient content
potassium
summer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

Cite this

McClellan, T. A., Gaussoin, R. E., Shearman, R. C., Wortmann, C. S., Mamo, M., Horst, G. L., & Marx, D. B. (2009). Nutrient and chemical properties of aging golf course putting greens as impacted by soil depth and mat development. HortScience, 44(2), 452-458.

Nutrient and chemical properties of aging golf course putting greens as impacted by soil depth and mat development. / McClellan, Ty A.; Gaussoin, Roch E.; Shearman, Robert C.; Wortmann, Charles S.; Mamo, Martha; Horst, Garald L.; Marx, David B.

In: HortScience, Vol. 44, No. 2, 01.04.2009, p. 452-458.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McClellan, TA, Gaussoin, RE, Shearman, RC, Wortmann, CS, Mamo, M, Horst, GL & Marx, DB 2009, 'Nutrient and chemical properties of aging golf course putting greens as impacted by soil depth and mat development', HortScience, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 452-458.
McClellan TA, Gaussoin RE, Shearman RC, Wortmann CS, Mamo M, Horst GL et al. Nutrient and chemical properties of aging golf course putting greens as impacted by soil depth and mat development. HortScience. 2009 Apr 1;44(2):452-458.
McClellan, Ty A. ; Gaussoin, Roch E. ; Shearman, Robert C. ; Wortmann, Charles S. ; Mamo, Martha ; Horst, Garald L. ; Marx, David B. / Nutrient and chemical properties of aging golf course putting greens as impacted by soil depth and mat development. In: HortScience. 2009 ; Vol. 44, No. 2. pp. 452-458.
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