Nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κb) – a friend, a foe, or a bystander - in the neurodegenerative cascade and pathogenesis of alzheimer’s disease

Gurdeep Marwarha, Ghribi Othman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: NF-κB is a ubiquitous transcription factor that was discovered three decades ago. Since its discovery, this protein complex has been implicated in numerous physiological and pathophysiological processes such as synaptic plasticity, learning and memory, inflammation, insulin resistance, and oxidative stress among other factors that are intricately involved and dysregulated in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Methods: We embarked on a methodical and an objective review of contemporary literature to integrate the indispensable physiological functions of NF-κB in neuronal phsyiology with the undesirable pathophysiological attributes of NF-κB in the etiopathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease. In our approach, we first introduced Alzheimer’s disease and subsequently highlighted the multifaceted roles of NF-κB in the biological processes altered in the progression of Alzheimer’s disease including synaptic transmission, synaptic plasticity, learning, and memory, neuronal survival and apoptosis, adult neurogenesis, regulation of neural processes and structural plasticity, inflammation, and Amyloid-β production and toxicity. Results: Our comprehensive review highlights and dissects the physiological role of NF-κB from its pathological role in the brain and delineates both, its beneficial as well as deleterious, role in the etiopathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease. Conclusion: In light of our understanding of the duality of the role of NF-κB in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease, further studies are warranted to dissect and understand the basis of the dichotomous effects of NF-κB, so that certain selective benevolent and benign attributes of NF-κB can be spared while targeting its deleterious attributes and facets that are integral in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1050-1065
Number of pages16
JournalCNS and Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Alzheimer Disease
B-Lymphocytes
Light
Neuronal Plasticity
Learning
Physiological Phenomena
Inflammation
Biological Phenomena
Neurogenesis
Amyloid
Synaptic Transmission
Insulin Resistance
Oxidative Stress
Transcription Factors
Apoptosis
Brain
Proteins

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Amyloid-β
  • Learning
  • Memory
  • Neuroinflammation
  • Neuronal death
  • Synaptic plasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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title = "Nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κb) – a friend, a foe, or a bystander - in the neurodegenerative cascade and pathogenesis of alzheimer’s disease",
abstract = "Background: NF-κB is a ubiquitous transcription factor that was discovered three decades ago. Since its discovery, this protein complex has been implicated in numerous physiological and pathophysiological processes such as synaptic plasticity, learning and memory, inflammation, insulin resistance, and oxidative stress among other factors that are intricately involved and dysregulated in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Methods: We embarked on a methodical and an objective review of contemporary literature to integrate the indispensable physiological functions of NF-κB in neuronal phsyiology with the undesirable pathophysiological attributes of NF-κB in the etiopathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease. In our approach, we first introduced Alzheimer’s disease and subsequently highlighted the multifaceted roles of NF-κB in the biological processes altered in the progression of Alzheimer’s disease including synaptic transmission, synaptic plasticity, learning, and memory, neuronal survival and apoptosis, adult neurogenesis, regulation of neural processes and structural plasticity, inflammation, and Amyloid-β production and toxicity. Results: Our comprehensive review highlights and dissects the physiological role of NF-κB from its pathological role in the brain and delineates both, its beneficial as well as deleterious, role in the etiopathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease. Conclusion: In light of our understanding of the duality of the role of NF-κB in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease, further studies are warranted to dissect and understand the basis of the dichotomous effects of NF-κB, so that certain selective benevolent and benign attributes of NF-κB can be spared while targeting its deleterious attributes and facets that are integral in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease.",
keywords = "Alzheimer’s disease, Amyloid-β, Learning, Memory, Neuroinflammation, Neuronal death, Synaptic plasticity",
author = "Gurdeep Marwarha and Ghribi Othman",
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T1 - Nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κb) – a friend, a foe, or a bystander - in the neurodegenerative cascade and pathogenesis of alzheimer’s disease

AU - Marwarha, Gurdeep

AU - Othman, Ghribi

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - Background: NF-κB is a ubiquitous transcription factor that was discovered three decades ago. Since its discovery, this protein complex has been implicated in numerous physiological and pathophysiological processes such as synaptic plasticity, learning and memory, inflammation, insulin resistance, and oxidative stress among other factors that are intricately involved and dysregulated in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Methods: We embarked on a methodical and an objective review of contemporary literature to integrate the indispensable physiological functions of NF-κB in neuronal phsyiology with the undesirable pathophysiological attributes of NF-κB in the etiopathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease. In our approach, we first introduced Alzheimer’s disease and subsequently highlighted the multifaceted roles of NF-κB in the biological processes altered in the progression of Alzheimer’s disease including synaptic transmission, synaptic plasticity, learning, and memory, neuronal survival and apoptosis, adult neurogenesis, regulation of neural processes and structural plasticity, inflammation, and Amyloid-β production and toxicity. Results: Our comprehensive review highlights and dissects the physiological role of NF-κB from its pathological role in the brain and delineates both, its beneficial as well as deleterious, role in the etiopathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease. Conclusion: In light of our understanding of the duality of the role of NF-κB in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease, further studies are warranted to dissect and understand the basis of the dichotomous effects of NF-κB, so that certain selective benevolent and benign attributes of NF-κB can be spared while targeting its deleterious attributes and facets that are integral in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease.

AB - Background: NF-κB is a ubiquitous transcription factor that was discovered three decades ago. Since its discovery, this protein complex has been implicated in numerous physiological and pathophysiological processes such as synaptic plasticity, learning and memory, inflammation, insulin resistance, and oxidative stress among other factors that are intricately involved and dysregulated in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Methods: We embarked on a methodical and an objective review of contemporary literature to integrate the indispensable physiological functions of NF-κB in neuronal phsyiology with the undesirable pathophysiological attributes of NF-κB in the etiopathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease. In our approach, we first introduced Alzheimer’s disease and subsequently highlighted the multifaceted roles of NF-κB in the biological processes altered in the progression of Alzheimer’s disease including synaptic transmission, synaptic plasticity, learning, and memory, neuronal survival and apoptosis, adult neurogenesis, regulation of neural processes and structural plasticity, inflammation, and Amyloid-β production and toxicity. Results: Our comprehensive review highlights and dissects the physiological role of NF-κB from its pathological role in the brain and delineates both, its beneficial as well as deleterious, role in the etiopathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease. Conclusion: In light of our understanding of the duality of the role of NF-κB in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease, further studies are warranted to dissect and understand the basis of the dichotomous effects of NF-κB, so that certain selective benevolent and benign attributes of NF-κB can be spared while targeting its deleterious attributes and facets that are integral in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease.

KW - Alzheimer’s disease

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KW - Memory

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