Novel protein fibers from wheat gluten

Narendra Reddy, Yiqi Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Protein fibers with mechanical properties similar to those of wool and better than those of soyprotein and zein fibers have been produced from 100% wheat gluten. Wheat gluten is a low cost, abundantly available, and renewable resource suitable for fiber production. A simple production method has been developed to obtain high-quality wheat gluten fibers, and the structure and properties of the fibers have been studied. Wheat gluten fibers have breaking tenacity of about 115 MPa, breaking elongation of 23%, and a Young's modulus of 5 GPa, similar to those of wool. Wheat gluten fibers have better tensile properties than soyprotein- and casein-based biomaterials. In addition, the wheat gluten fibers have resistance similar to that of PLA fibers to water in weak alkaline and slightly lower resistance in weak acidic conditions at high temperatures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)638-643
Number of pages6
JournalBiomacromolecules
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2007

Fingerprint

Glutens
Triticum
Proteins
Fibers
Wool
Zein
Elastic Modulus
Biocompatible Materials
Caseins
Casein
Tenacity
Tensile properties
Costs and Cost Analysis
Biomaterials
Temperature
Water
Elongation
Elastic moduli
Mechanical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Novel protein fibers from wheat gluten. / Reddy, Narendra; Yang, Yiqi.

In: Biomacromolecules, Vol. 8, No. 2, 01.02.2007, p. 638-643.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reddy, Narendra ; Yang, Yiqi. / Novel protein fibers from wheat gluten. In: Biomacromolecules. 2007 ; Vol. 8, No. 2. pp. 638-643.
@article{5764ca9994f748378e16b7c6b12f90d5,
title = "Novel protein fibers from wheat gluten",
abstract = "Protein fibers with mechanical properties similar to those of wool and better than those of soyprotein and zein fibers have been produced from 100{\%} wheat gluten. Wheat gluten is a low cost, abundantly available, and renewable resource suitable for fiber production. A simple production method has been developed to obtain high-quality wheat gluten fibers, and the structure and properties of the fibers have been studied. Wheat gluten fibers have breaking tenacity of about 115 MPa, breaking elongation of 23{\%}, and a Young's modulus of 5 GPa, similar to those of wool. Wheat gluten fibers have better tensile properties than soyprotein- and casein-based biomaterials. In addition, the wheat gluten fibers have resistance similar to that of PLA fibers to water in weak alkaline and slightly lower resistance in weak acidic conditions at high temperatures.",
author = "Narendra Reddy and Yiqi Yang",
year = "2007",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1021/bm0608840",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "638--643",
journal = "Biomacromolecules",
issn = "1525-7797",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Novel protein fibers from wheat gluten

AU - Reddy, Narendra

AU - Yang, Yiqi

PY - 2007/2/1

Y1 - 2007/2/1

N2 - Protein fibers with mechanical properties similar to those of wool and better than those of soyprotein and zein fibers have been produced from 100% wheat gluten. Wheat gluten is a low cost, abundantly available, and renewable resource suitable for fiber production. A simple production method has been developed to obtain high-quality wheat gluten fibers, and the structure and properties of the fibers have been studied. Wheat gluten fibers have breaking tenacity of about 115 MPa, breaking elongation of 23%, and a Young's modulus of 5 GPa, similar to those of wool. Wheat gluten fibers have better tensile properties than soyprotein- and casein-based biomaterials. In addition, the wheat gluten fibers have resistance similar to that of PLA fibers to water in weak alkaline and slightly lower resistance in weak acidic conditions at high temperatures.

AB - Protein fibers with mechanical properties similar to those of wool and better than those of soyprotein and zein fibers have been produced from 100% wheat gluten. Wheat gluten is a low cost, abundantly available, and renewable resource suitable for fiber production. A simple production method has been developed to obtain high-quality wheat gluten fibers, and the structure and properties of the fibers have been studied. Wheat gluten fibers have breaking tenacity of about 115 MPa, breaking elongation of 23%, and a Young's modulus of 5 GPa, similar to those of wool. Wheat gluten fibers have better tensile properties than soyprotein- and casein-based biomaterials. In addition, the wheat gluten fibers have resistance similar to that of PLA fibers to water in weak alkaline and slightly lower resistance in weak acidic conditions at high temperatures.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33847290431&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33847290431&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/bm0608840

DO - 10.1021/bm0608840

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 638

EP - 643

JO - Biomacromolecules

JF - Biomacromolecules

SN - 1525-7797

IS - 2

ER -