Noncontingent presentation of attention and alternative stimuli in the treatment of attention-maintained destructive behavior

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous research has demonstrated that destructive behavior may be reduced through noncontingent presentation of attention when attention is identified as the stimulus responsible for behavioral maintenance. Because it may not always be possible to deliver attention in all situations, we examined the extent to which alternative stimuli that have been identified through a choice assessment would substitute for attention (the functional analysis-based reinforcer) in a noncontingent reinforcement procedure. Prior to treatment, functional analyses demonstrated that the destructive behavior of 2 clients with mental retardation was maintained by adult attention. Next, a stimulus choice assessment identified highly preferred tangible items for the 2 clients. Finally, we compared the effectiveness of two noncontingent reinforcement procedures: continuous noncontingent access to attention and continuous noncontingent access to the tangible item identified in the choice assessment. For both clients, these noncontingent reinforcement procedures reduced destructive behavior. The results are discussed in terms of the clinical implications for the treatment of destructive behavior using functional and alternative stimuli.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-237
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

Fingerprint

stimulus
reinforcement
Therapeutics
functional analysis
Intellectual Disability
Stimulus
Maintenance
Reinforcement
Research
Reinforcement (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Developmental disabilities
  • Extinction
  • Noncontingent reinforcement
  • Preference assessments
  • Satiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

@article{067ec926777b40169e76ac02fa25e54d,
title = "Noncontingent presentation of attention and alternative stimuli in the treatment of attention-maintained destructive behavior",
abstract = "Previous research has demonstrated that destructive behavior may be reduced through noncontingent presentation of attention when attention is identified as the stimulus responsible for behavioral maintenance. Because it may not always be possible to deliver attention in all situations, we examined the extent to which alternative stimuli that have been identified through a choice assessment would substitute for attention (the functional analysis-based reinforcer) in a noncontingent reinforcement procedure. Prior to treatment, functional analyses demonstrated that the destructive behavior of 2 clients with mental retardation was maintained by adult attention. Next, a stimulus choice assessment identified highly preferred tangible items for the 2 clients. Finally, we compared the effectiveness of two noncontingent reinforcement procedures: continuous noncontingent access to attention and continuous noncontingent access to the tangible item identified in the choice assessment. For both clients, these noncontingent reinforcement procedures reduced destructive behavior. The results are discussed in terms of the clinical implications for the treatment of destructive behavior using functional and alternative stimuli.",
keywords = "Developmental disabilities, Extinction, Noncontingent reinforcement, Preference assessments, Satiation",
author = "Hanley, {Gregory P.} and Piazza, {Cathleen C.} and Fisher, {Wayne W.}",
year = "1997",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1901/jaba.1997.30-229",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "30",
pages = "229--237",
journal = "Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis",
issn = "0021-8855",
publisher = "Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Noncontingent presentation of attention and alternative stimuli in the treatment of attention-maintained destructive behavior

AU - Hanley, Gregory P.

AU - Piazza, Cathleen C.

AU - Fisher, Wayne W.

PY - 1997/1/1

Y1 - 1997/1/1

N2 - Previous research has demonstrated that destructive behavior may be reduced through noncontingent presentation of attention when attention is identified as the stimulus responsible for behavioral maintenance. Because it may not always be possible to deliver attention in all situations, we examined the extent to which alternative stimuli that have been identified through a choice assessment would substitute for attention (the functional analysis-based reinforcer) in a noncontingent reinforcement procedure. Prior to treatment, functional analyses demonstrated that the destructive behavior of 2 clients with mental retardation was maintained by adult attention. Next, a stimulus choice assessment identified highly preferred tangible items for the 2 clients. Finally, we compared the effectiveness of two noncontingent reinforcement procedures: continuous noncontingent access to attention and continuous noncontingent access to the tangible item identified in the choice assessment. For both clients, these noncontingent reinforcement procedures reduced destructive behavior. The results are discussed in terms of the clinical implications for the treatment of destructive behavior using functional and alternative stimuli.

AB - Previous research has demonstrated that destructive behavior may be reduced through noncontingent presentation of attention when attention is identified as the stimulus responsible for behavioral maintenance. Because it may not always be possible to deliver attention in all situations, we examined the extent to which alternative stimuli that have been identified through a choice assessment would substitute for attention (the functional analysis-based reinforcer) in a noncontingent reinforcement procedure. Prior to treatment, functional analyses demonstrated that the destructive behavior of 2 clients with mental retardation was maintained by adult attention. Next, a stimulus choice assessment identified highly preferred tangible items for the 2 clients. Finally, we compared the effectiveness of two noncontingent reinforcement procedures: continuous noncontingent access to attention and continuous noncontingent access to the tangible item identified in the choice assessment. For both clients, these noncontingent reinforcement procedures reduced destructive behavior. The results are discussed in terms of the clinical implications for the treatment of destructive behavior using functional and alternative stimuli.

KW - Developmental disabilities

KW - Extinction

KW - Noncontingent reinforcement

KW - Preference assessments

KW - Satiation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031156158&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031156158&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1901/jaba.1997.30-229

DO - 10.1901/jaba.1997.30-229

M3 - Article

C2 - 9210303

AN - SCOPUS:0031156158

VL - 30

SP - 229

EP - 237

JO - Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis

JF - Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis

SN - 0021-8855

IS - 2

ER -