Non-nutritive suck parameters in preterm infants with RDS

Meredith Estep, Steven M. Barlow, Rajesh Vantipalli, Donald Finan, Jaehoon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To characterize the integrity of non-nutritive suck (NNS) parameters among three groups of preterm infants ranging from normal to those with progressive degrees of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Study Design: NNS compression waveforms were sampled from 55 infants in the neonatal intensive care unit using a silicone pacifier electronically instrumented for intraluminal pressure. Seven select NNS parameters were measured at two different sessions, and statistically analyzed using a General Linear Model Analysis of Covariance. Results and conclusions: Preterm infants with a more extensive history of RDS and oxygen therapy manifest significantly (p ≤ 0.001) degraded performance on six of the seven NNS measures. This trend was disproportionately amplified in preterm infants with moderate-to-severe RDS. Prolonged periods of RDS requiring oxygen therapy may cause maladaptive orosensory experiences, and restrict oral movements which may contribute to delayed NNS development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-34
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neonatal Nursing
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Newborn Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Premature Infants
Pacifiers
Oxygen
Neonatal Intensive Care Units
Silicones
Linear Models
Pressure
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Non-nutritive suck
  • Oromotor restriction
  • Preterm birth
  • Respiratory distress syndrome
  • Sensory deprivation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics

Cite this

Non-nutritive suck parameters in preterm infants with RDS. / Estep, Meredith; Barlow, Steven M.; Vantipalli, Rajesh; Finan, Donald; Lee, Jaehoon.

In: Journal of Neonatal Nursing, Vol. 14, No. 1, 01.02.2008, p. 28-34.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Estep, Meredith ; Barlow, Steven M. ; Vantipalli, Rajesh ; Finan, Donald ; Lee, Jaehoon. / Non-nutritive suck parameters in preterm infants with RDS. In: Journal of Neonatal Nursing. 2008 ; Vol. 14, No. 1. pp. 28-34.
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