Neurophysiological correlates of children's processing of interparental conflict cues

Alice C. Schermerhorn, John E. Bates, Aina Puce, Dennis L. Molfese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study builds on the literature on child exposure to marital conflict by testing whether motherreported marital conflict exposure predicts a child's P3 event-related potential (ERP) components generated in response to viewing quasi-marital conflict photos. We collected ERP data from 23 children (9-11 years of age) while presenting photos of actors pretending to be a couple depicting interpersonal anger, happiness, and neutrality. To elicit the P3 ERP, stimuli were presented using an oddball paradigm, with angry and happy photos presented on 20% of trials each and neutral photos presented on the remaining 60% of trials. Angry photos were the target in 1 block, and happy photos were the target in the other block. In the angry block, children from high-conflict homes had shorter reaction times (RTs) on happy trials than on neutral trials, and children from low-conflict homes had shorter RTs on angry trials than on happy trials. Also within the angry block, children generated larger P3s on angry trials than on happy trials, regardless of exposure to conflict. Further, children from high-conflict homes generated larger P3s on angry trials and on happy trials compared with neutral trials, but children from low-conflict homes did not. Results are discussed in terms of implications for children's processing of displays of interpersonal emotion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)518-527
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Fingerprint

Family Conflict
Cues
P300 Event-Related Potentials
Reaction Time
Happiness
Anger
Evoked Potentials
Emotions
Conflict (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Children
  • Event-related potential (ERP)
  • Interparental conflict
  • Oddball paradigm
  • P3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Neurophysiological correlates of children's processing of interparental conflict cues. / Schermerhorn, Alice C.; Bates, John E.; Puce, Aina; Molfese, Dennis L.

In: Journal of Family Psychology, Vol. 29, No. 4, 01.08.2015, p. 518-527.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schermerhorn, Alice C. ; Bates, John E. ; Puce, Aina ; Molfese, Dennis L. / Neurophysiological correlates of children's processing of interparental conflict cues. In: Journal of Family Psychology. 2015 ; Vol. 29, No. 4. pp. 518-527.
@article{8e3142e4cedb42919e90443f96152a95,
title = "Neurophysiological correlates of children's processing of interparental conflict cues",
abstract = "This study builds on the literature on child exposure to marital conflict by testing whether motherreported marital conflict exposure predicts a child's P3 event-related potential (ERP) components generated in response to viewing quasi-marital conflict photos. We collected ERP data from 23 children (9-11 years of age) while presenting photos of actors pretending to be a couple depicting interpersonal anger, happiness, and neutrality. To elicit the P3 ERP, stimuli were presented using an oddball paradigm, with angry and happy photos presented on 20{\%} of trials each and neutral photos presented on the remaining 60{\%} of trials. Angry photos were the target in 1 block, and happy photos were the target in the other block. In the angry block, children from high-conflict homes had shorter reaction times (RTs) on happy trials than on neutral trials, and children from low-conflict homes had shorter RTs on angry trials than on happy trials. Also within the angry block, children generated larger P3s on angry trials than on happy trials, regardless of exposure to conflict. Further, children from high-conflict homes generated larger P3s on angry trials and on happy trials compared with neutral trials, but children from low-conflict homes did not. Results are discussed in terms of implications for children's processing of displays of interpersonal emotion.",
keywords = "Children, Event-related potential (ERP), Interparental conflict, Oddball paradigm, P3",
author = "Schermerhorn, {Alice C.} and Bates, {John E.} and Aina Puce and Molfese, {Dennis L.}",
year = "2015",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/fam0000088",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "29",
pages = "518--527",
journal = "Journal of Family Psychology",
issn = "0893-3200",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neurophysiological correlates of children's processing of interparental conflict cues

AU - Schermerhorn, Alice C.

AU - Bates, John E.

AU - Puce, Aina

AU - Molfese, Dennis L.

PY - 2015/8/1

Y1 - 2015/8/1

N2 - This study builds on the literature on child exposure to marital conflict by testing whether motherreported marital conflict exposure predicts a child's P3 event-related potential (ERP) components generated in response to viewing quasi-marital conflict photos. We collected ERP data from 23 children (9-11 years of age) while presenting photos of actors pretending to be a couple depicting interpersonal anger, happiness, and neutrality. To elicit the P3 ERP, stimuli were presented using an oddball paradigm, with angry and happy photos presented on 20% of trials each and neutral photos presented on the remaining 60% of trials. Angry photos were the target in 1 block, and happy photos were the target in the other block. In the angry block, children from high-conflict homes had shorter reaction times (RTs) on happy trials than on neutral trials, and children from low-conflict homes had shorter RTs on angry trials than on happy trials. Also within the angry block, children generated larger P3s on angry trials than on happy trials, regardless of exposure to conflict. Further, children from high-conflict homes generated larger P3s on angry trials and on happy trials compared with neutral trials, but children from low-conflict homes did not. Results are discussed in terms of implications for children's processing of displays of interpersonal emotion.

AB - This study builds on the literature on child exposure to marital conflict by testing whether motherreported marital conflict exposure predicts a child's P3 event-related potential (ERP) components generated in response to viewing quasi-marital conflict photos. We collected ERP data from 23 children (9-11 years of age) while presenting photos of actors pretending to be a couple depicting interpersonal anger, happiness, and neutrality. To elicit the P3 ERP, stimuli were presented using an oddball paradigm, with angry and happy photos presented on 20% of trials each and neutral photos presented on the remaining 60% of trials. Angry photos were the target in 1 block, and happy photos were the target in the other block. In the angry block, children from high-conflict homes had shorter reaction times (RTs) on happy trials than on neutral trials, and children from low-conflict homes had shorter RTs on angry trials than on happy trials. Also within the angry block, children generated larger P3s on angry trials than on happy trials, regardless of exposure to conflict. Further, children from high-conflict homes generated larger P3s on angry trials and on happy trials compared with neutral trials, but children from low-conflict homes did not. Results are discussed in terms of implications for children's processing of displays of interpersonal emotion.

KW - Children

KW - Event-related potential (ERP)

KW - Interparental conflict

KW - Oddball paradigm

KW - P3

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84939000579&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84939000579&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/fam0000088

DO - 10.1037/fam0000088

M3 - Article

C2 - 26121533

AN - SCOPUS:84939000579

VL - 29

SP - 518

EP - 527

JO - Journal of Family Psychology

JF - Journal of Family Psychology

SN - 0893-3200

IS - 4

ER -